Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Zdrastvuite, Ya Svetlana! Welcome to Russianpod101.com’s Алфавит Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Russian Cyrillic alphabet: the Алфавит!
In this lesson, we'll be learning the system of accents in the Russian language and learn how it affects word stress and the pronunciation of some letters. As we have gone through the series, I have told you from time to time that certain letters aren't always pronounced the same way. Well, in this lesson we'll clarify why and when that is.
In fact, writing with accents in Russian makes reading it much easier. So why did we wait until the end of the series to introduce it? Because unfortunately, it isn't used outside of textbooks and is really just a teaching and learning aid.
Every word in Russian has a stressed syllable. In English, even knowing which syllable has stress doesn't always help you pronounce the word correctly because so many spellings are irregular.
Russian, on the other hand, is much more phonetic, so knowing the letter combination and which syllable is stressed will help you read the word correctly 99% of the time.
Let's think back to those letters which have multiple pronunciations. There are only two: “O”, and “E” . So for example, “O” can be read as “O” or “ah”, but how do we know when? Well, it depends on whether or not they are the stressed vowel in the word. When “O”, and “E” are stressed, they sound normal. So let’s see a simple case.
We denote stressed syllables by writing a “знак ударения” - an accent mark - above the stressed vowel, but if a word is only one syllable there's only one place for the stress to go. For example:
“он”
“есть”
So you know it's one syllable, and you know that when “O”, and “E” are stressed they sound normal, so you can predict exactly how to pronounce these words.
Let's look at a few more examples where there is more than one syllable but the “O”, or “E” is still stressed.
“Ольга"
“форель”
As you can hear, and see from the accent marks, the “О” in “Ольга,” and the “е” in “форель,” are the stressed vowels. But what about when they are UNstressed? Well, let's find out!
“O” is pretty easy. When it is unstressed it sounds like the letter “A”. So, here's a word that has both stressed and unstressed “O”s:
хорошо
Here we see that there are 3 “O”s, but only one is stressed, so it's easy to hear how the other 2 “O”s sound like “ah”. You probably remember this word means “good” or “well.”
хорошо
“E” is a little more complicated, but it usually sounds like a very short “ih”.
Here's a word with an unstressed “E”:
Бу́дет
“Бу́дет” means “will be”. Because it isn't stressed, the “E” is pronounced as “ih”. Can you hear it?
Бу́дет
Ok, you've practiced on words but now let's see a whole sentence.
[pause] I'm not going to read it right away. Try and figure out how it's pronounced by yourself. [slightly longer pause] It's read as “Два медве́дя в одно́й берло́ге не живу́т.” and means “Two bears won't live in the same den,” meaning something like “This town is too small for the both of us.”
Два медве́дя в одно́й берло́ге не живу́т.
Now it's time for Svetlana’s insights.
Accent marks are a great way to learn how to pronounce a word. But try not to depend on them too much, and remember that they are just an educational tool - not something you will experience in real life. Good luck!
In the next lesson, we'll compare how Russian punctuation differs from English punctuation and learn some fun idioms along the way! See you in the next Алфавит Made Easy lesson!
Пока Пока

29 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

RussianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Please write your favorite Russian saying here!

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Arun,


thank you for your question!👍

Yes, it can be pronounced as "ye" (Евро - Yevro, его - yego), as "i" (земля - "zimlya") and as "eh" (кофе - kofe, место - mesto).


Let us know if you have any questions!


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Arun
Wednesday at 01:10 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Evgeniia,


Many thanks for your reply! So would it be correct to say that there are three ways of pronouncing the 'e': it makes the 'yeh' sound when stressed (i.e. at the beginning of a word, or after a vowel, soft or hard sign), and when unstressed it makes either an 'eh' sound (as in 'red') or an 'i' sound (as in 'ink')?


Thanks

Arun

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:20 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Arun,


I think Svetlana means that the unstressed letter 'e' can be pronounced as "i". For example:

земля (land, pronounced "zimlya"), неделя (week, pronounced "nidelya"), etc.

I think you are interested in why the stressed "e" is pronounced slightly different.

When it is at the beginning of a word, or after a vowel, soft or hard sign, it's pronounced as "ye" (as in year):

ест (eats, pronounced as "yest"), евро (Euro, pronounced as "yevro").

In the word "форель", it's pronounced as in "red" (forel').


Let us know if you have any questions!


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Arun
Wednesday at 12:56 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello, I have a question! Svetlana says in this video that the letter 'e' always pronounced 'ye' when it's stressed, yet in the word 'форель' (at 2:15), where the stress is supposed to be on the 'e', it sounds like it's making an 'eh' sound when she says it. Can anyone explain this to me please?


Thank you :)

Arun

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:35 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Ardan,


thank you for your question!

If the word is unfamiliar to you, you can check where the stress is in the dictionary.

For example, бу́дет, the stress is on "у" sound.


Let us know if you have any questions!


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Ardan
Saturday at 12:23 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How can we know if the word is stressed or unstressed?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:49 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Сolin,


You are welcome.

Please let us know if you have more questions.😄


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Сolin
Thursday at 06:56 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Спасибо, Светлана. Now I know why I see Иркутск(Irkutsk) written with an accent mark over the у when I click on an information icon on Google Earth.

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:41 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Tilia,

Unfortunately, stress has no rules. Where to put stress is what you have to remember. :sweat_smile:

You can find stress in all dictionaries.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Tilia
Tuesday at 03:08 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I still don't understand E and O will say differently when it's unstress but How I do really know when the stress plus what the mark really do :sob::sob::sob: