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Lesson Transcript

Zdrastvuite, Ya Svetlana! Welcome to Russianpod101.com’s Алфавит Made Easy!
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Russian Cyrillic alphabet: the Алфавит!
In the last lesson we introduced some more Strangers, the most challenging letters of the Russian alphabet. We learned “Й” and “Ц”. Have you been reviewing how to read and write them? I hope you're ready to move on!
In this lesson we’ll learn two more “Strangers” and some more sentences for your notebook!
The first Stranger this time is “Ы”, which is a letter that may be hard to pronounce! It looks like a lowercase Bee and El next to each other, but be careful to recognize that it is a single letter. The sound it makes is “ee”; There is no similar sound in English. Interestingly, there is no uppercase “Ы”, because it is never at the beginning of a word.
Here’s the uppercase.
Ы (print, upper)
And the lowercase.
Ы (print, lower)
Now that we've seen the print version of “Ы”, let's take a look at how to write it by hand.
The cursive version of “Ы” looks like this. As you can see, it's a single, smooth stroke. While it looks a little complicated, it's actually quite natural to write, and it shouldn’t be much of a challenge.
Now let’s write it.
Ы (cursive, lower)
The second letter we'll learn in this lesson looks kind of like the ship from Star Trek: Ю. While it may look strange, “Ю” has a pretty familiar sound. “Ю” makes a combination vowel sound just like the word “you”. In printed form, size is the only difference between the upper and lowercase versions.
Here’s how to write the printed versions.
Ю (print, upper)
And the lowercase.
Ю (print, lower)
Now let's see how to write “Ю” by hand It's written with two strokes. The lowercase looks similar except for size. Many people write it using a single stroke. As you can see, this is more efficient!
Ю (cursive, upper)
And the lowercase.
Ю (cursive, lower)
Great job! Now let's take what we’ve learned so far and look at some examples that we can write!
First up is a fact about a famous Russian – try reading it aloud.
[short pause] Here is how it should sound: “Юрий Гагарин был первым космонавтом.”
Did you recognize the name Yuri Gagarin? Well, if so, then maybe you can guess what it means: “Yuri Gagarin was the first cosmonaut.”
Let's look at each word in the sentence: “Юрий Гагарин” means “Yuri Gagarin”. “был” means “was” and “первым космонавтом” means “the first cosmonaut.” That wasn't too bad was it? Now let’s write it by hand, using the fun-to-write uppercase “Ю”!
Юрий Гагарин был первым космонавтом. (cursive)
Now let's look at a another sentence that you will probably use a lot as a beginner. Try saying the sentence out loud. [short pause] “Я не понимаю.” Did you get it right? The first two words might be familiar: “Я” means “I” and “не” in this case means “don't.” The last word is new, but very important. “понимаю” means “understand.” "I don't understand"
Я не понимаю. (cursive)
That’s it for this lesson. In the next lesson, we'll introduce a few more Strangers. See you in the next Алфавит Made Easy lesson!
Пока Пока

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RussianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What Russian words can you write using Ы or Ю?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:12 PM
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Hello Arturo,


thank you for being so passionate about Russian!❤️️

"ий" in санаторий is pronounced the same way as "ий" in Юрий (minute 3:13 in this video).

Yes, the ending "ии" is longer than "ий".


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

ARTURO CHAVEZ MOGOLLON
Sunday at 06:30 AM
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As for the second question: so, it means that the "-ий" in "санаторий" should be pronounced like a long "и" then? as "и" and "й" have the same pronunciation, with the sole difference that the second one is shorter than the first one.


Thank you so much again and sorry for too many questions haha I just feel quite attracted to this language ^^

ARTURO CHAVEZ MOGOLLON
Sunday at 06:30 AM
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Hello Evgeniia

Thank you for your reply and explanation.


I have understood 100%. So, the "a" ends with a hook, but "o" doesn't end with it (a hook). So, when "м" follows the vowel "а", the hook is visible like a mountain right between them because of the two hooks meeting each other, but if "м" follows "о", the mountain is not visible but just a half, given that the "о"doesn't end with a hook. What an interesting language! Figuring this out was like trying to play "Go" or "Chess" haha honestly I found it very entertaining.

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:12 PM
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Hello Arturo,


thank you for your questions! 👍👍👍

There is a hook before "м", there are always hooks in the beginning and in the end. I think you are just confused because the ending here is "ом", not "ам", and the hook belongs to "м" and doesn't form "а" instead of "о".

You can see the similar ending here (in the word "альбом"): https://www.russianpod101.com/lesson/russian-alphabet-made-easy-17-hooks-and-bars/?lp=67


Regarding your second question, in the previous lesson, Svetlana says that "й" appears only in combination with a vowel (not only mentioned 3!), for example, "ой", "ай", "ей". It can appear in combination with other vowels, including "И": санаторий, любимый, пожалуй, etc.


Let us know if you have any questions!


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

ARTURO CHAVEZ MOGOLLON
Saturday at 04:48 AM
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Hi again. I have one last question, please.


It is about the "й" from "Юрий". In the previous lesson, you taught us that the "й" was only used after three vowels:

"ой" , "ей" and "ай"


BUT you didn't mention it was also possible for it to be preceded by an "и" like in "Юрий". So, does this mean that the "и" sound becomes a longer "и", with the company of "й"? (because, it would be "standard i" + "short i")


Thank you in advance.

ARTURO CHAVEZ MOGOLLON
Saturday at 03:38 AM
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Hi there. Thank you for the lessons, first of all.


Well, I'd like to ask a question similar to several other ones that I think were not fully answered.


It is about t.he "м" from "космонавтом".

You taught us that, the "м" should have a hook before and after it. For example, in "Кто там?". But, in the case of "космонавтом", the LAST "м" does not have a hook at the beginning of it, after the "o". I thought it was a mistake but, as I read the comments below, there is no mistake, so I suppose there must be a rule as to if there should be a hook before the "м" depending on the vowel before it.


Thank you in advance for your reply.


ARTURO - PERU

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:54 PM
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Hello David,


thank you for the question!

We write the ending "его" but pronounce "ево"/"ева" in masculine and neuter adjectives, participles, pronouns in the genitive case:

большого (pronounced as "bal'shova"), синего ("sineva"), хорошего ("harosheva"), доброго ("dobrava"), его ("evo");

and in some adverbs:

ничего ("ничиво"), сегодня ("сиводня"), итого ("итаво").


It can be difficult for beginners who have not studied cases yet, so do not panic if you don't understand something now. It will become clear to you later.


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

David
Wednesday at 05:59 AM
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In the examples, How come the г in ничего is pronounced as a V instead of a G? Is there some kind of rule?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:17 AM
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Hello Andrew,


спасибо for taking the time to leave us a comment. We are happy to have you here❤️️

I can't attach a picture here but it will have one more hook between а and м, like if you combine a from "Гагарин" and м from "космонавтом".


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Andrew
Thursday at 12:42 PM
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Like Valeri below, I also mistakenly thought Svetlana wrote -am instead of -om at the end of космонавтом.


Could you explain how the connections would look different in cursive [-am] versus [-om]. Thanks!