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Lesson Transcript

Привет Всем. С Вами Светлана. Hi everybody! I’m Svetlana.
Welcome to RussianPod101.com’s Русский язык за три минуты. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Russian.
In the last lesson, we learned the instrumental case of Russian nouns. This lesson will cover last of the 6 cases, the prepositional. In lesson 12 I already mentioned this case. Do you remember? We were talking about location. So, in this lesson, we fully explore why, when and how to use it.
Are you ready? Let`s do it!
The prepositional case is probably the easiest one. It is also the most useful. Why do we call it prepositional? Because it is used exclusively with prepositions to indicate the location. You`ll see how much it helps to expand your vocabulary.
Here are some prepositions this case is mostly used with:
В - ”in”, “at”
На - “on”, “at”
О - “at”, “about”
Before I give you an example, let’s see how the endings will change.
In the case of masculine nouns, you simply need to add the ending “E”. For example:
Вокзал - Station. На вокзале. “At the station.”
Друг - Friend. О друге. “About a friend.”
Neuter nouns are also pretty easy. Simply replace the ending “O” with “E”.
Окно - Window. На окне. “On the window.”
As for nouns that end with “E”, just leave them as they are. Look!
Кафе - Cafe. В кафе. “In the cafe”
The endings “A” and “Я” of feminine nouns will be replaced with “E”,
and the ending “Ь” with “И”.
Работа - Work. На работе. “At work”
Баня - Russian sauna. В Бане. “In the Russian sauna”
Площадь - Square. На площади. “At the square.”
However we have an Exception! The feminine nouns that end with “ИЯ” will change their endings to “ИИ”. For example –
Станция - Station. На станции. “At the station.”
Good Job!
Now it’s time to practice! Let me give you the some locations that you might wanna use.
The following nouns all use the preposition “B”. Let’s start with the masculine nouns – театр “theater”, парк “park”, университет “university”, ресторан “restaurant”, дом “home”, банк “bank”, музей “museum”, магазин “store”.
Now the feminine nouns – школа “school”, больница “hospital”, аптека “drug store”, библиотека “library”, гостиница “hotel”, церковь “church”, квартира “apartment”.
And the neuter nouns – кафе “cafe”, кино “cinema”. The word “кино” is an exception, so it won’t change.
All these nouns will be used ONLY with the preposition “B”. So, now, when you know the gender and the preposition, go ahead and try to modify those nouns in the prepositional case.
Here are some nouns which are used with the preposition “HA”
Masculine nouns : Север “North”, Юг “South,” Запад “West”, Восток “East”, завод “Factory”, концерт “Concert,” рынок “Market”
Feminine nouns: Станция “Station”, Площадь “Square”, Работа “Job”, Улица “Street”, Почта “Post office”.
I hope these will come in handy!
Congratulations guys, we made it through all 6 cases. Moreover, you did the half of the essential Russian grammar for nouns. It was a lot of work, and it probably will take some time to organize all those rules and exceptions. But, please take your time,go back and watch it again and again until you are comfortable using them. Believe me, you will meet those cases everywhere. Thanks for your hard work!
In our next lesson we will learn a new, very helpful phrase “I Love this and that” and “I want this and that” Sounds interesting huh? So see you in our next Русский язык за три минуты lesson! Пока Пока

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RussianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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RussianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 10:39 pm
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Hello Emily,


"свои" - my own,

"мои" - my.


Basically you can use both of them.

Elena

Team RussianPiod101.com

Emily
Friday at 12:59 am
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It looks like most of the mistakes are conjugations/adjective forms. Except one. What is the difference between свои and мои?


Typo:

я мoю врачa белый пальто.

I wash the doctor’s white coat

RussianPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 5:52 pm
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Hello Emily,

Your examples are great.

Just few small mistakes.


врач говорит мне.

The doctor is speaking to me.


я даю свои рубли врачy.

I give my rubles to the doctor.


операция делается врачом.

Surgery performed by the doctor.


я слышала o враче.

I heard about the doctor.

_______________________

The meaning of this one is uncleae; :sweat_smile:


я мытю врачa белый пальто.

I was the doctor’s white coat



You can find videos about past and future tenses in our beginners series.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Emily
Wednesday at 5:24 am
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I think it would be easier to understand if there was a video following one noun through all six cases. I have attempted to do so below:


врач (nominative)

врач говоритит мне.

The doctor is speaking to me.


врачa (accusative)

Mы ждем врачa.

We are waiting for the doctor.


врачy (dative)

я даватю мои рублей к врачy.

I give my rubles to the doctor.


врачa (genitive)

я мытю врачa белый пальто.

I was the doctor's white coat.

я не боюсь врачa.

I am not afraid of the doctor.


врачом (instrumental)

операцию делатит врачом.

Surgery performed by the doctor.

я восхищаюсь врачом.

I admire the doctor.


враче (prepositional)

я слышаюла o враче.

I heard about the doctor.


Also, is it possible to request a video showing verb conjugations in present, future and past tense?

RussianPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:22 pm
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Hello Rebecca,

Unfortunately, cases are main, basic of Russian grammar. Without knowing them it's hard to build sentences or understand its meaning :sweat_smile:


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Rebecca
Monday at 12:57 pm
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My brain is cramping after watching the cases videos! :sweat_smile: I have watched them but certainly do NOT have them down as an expert. Is it necessary for me to comprehend all about the cases before I move on?