Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Привет Всем. С Вами Светлана. Hi everybody! I’m Svetlana.
Welcome to RussianPod101.com’s Русский язык за три минуты. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Russian.
In the previous lesson, we learned how to put Russian nouns and pronouns into the dative case. Why do we need it? Because we need to know who or what we do actions for. In this lesson, we`ll learn the Genitive case which is used to indicate the belonging of one object to another, or possession. The English equivalent for this case is the preposition “Of”, or an apostrophe s (‘s), for example key of the car or car’s key
Here is an example:
In order to say “Teacher’s book” or
“Book of the teacher,” in Russian you say
Книга учителя.
учителя means “teacher” put in genitive case. The dictionary (nominative) form for this word is Учитель.
See, we are putting the noun Учитель into genitive case to express his possession of the book.
Nouns in the genitive case usually answer the questions “of what” or “of whom”. Remember to use this form for the *owner*, not the owned noun. [a]*Teacher’s* book. *Car’s* key.
Let’s take a look at how we should modify the endings of nouns in the genitive case. Masculine nouns which end with a consonant need an “A” vowel. For example – Телефон друга. This means “Friend’s phone.” The word Друг in its dictionary form ends with a consonant, that’s why we add “A” in the genitive case. Друга. If a masculine noun ends with the letter “Й” or “Ь” , we will replace it with “Я”
Чай - “Tea” becomes Чая
Пакетик чая. “A pack of tea.”
Писатель- “Writer.” becomes Писателя.
Автограф писателя. “Writer’s signature.”
Feminine nouns ending with “Ь” and “А” will have their endings replaced with “И” and “Ы” respectively. For example:
Соль- “Salt” becomes Соли.
Щепотка соли. “Pinch of salt”
Вода - “Water” becomes Воды.
Стакан воды. “Glass of water.”
Moving on, we have neuter nouns in the genitive case. The ending “O” will be replaced with “A” and the ending “E” with “Я”:
Кресло - “Chair” becomes Кресла.
Подушка для кресла. “Chair’s cushion“
Здание - “Building” becomes Здания.
Крыша здания. “Roof of the building.”
Great job!
However the genitive case of Russian nouns isn’t only used to express possession. It is also used after the following prepositions: без “without”, для “for”, до “until”, из “from”, из-за “because of,” кроме “besides”, с “with”, у “at”, около “at”, вдоль “along”, and so on.
For example:
Из-за дождя “Because of the rain”
Без воды “without water”
Для учителя “for teacher”
У здания “at the building”
The genitive case is also used after certain verbs. Here they are – просить “ask”, искать “look for”, ждать “wait for”, достигать “achieve”, желать “wish”, бояться “be afraid of”.
And here are some examples:
Искать друга “Look for a friend”
Ждать учителя “Wait for a teacher”
Просить воды “Ask for water”
Excellent! Let’s finish up by going over the genitive forms of the pronouns:
Меня - “Me”
Тебя - “You” (informal)
Него - “Him”
Неё - “Her”
Нас - “Us”
Вас - “You” (formal, or plural)
Их - “Them”
Here are some examples:
Без него “Without him”
Бояться их “Be afraid of them”
Для неё “For her”
Great job on that one. I am really proud of you all! We learned so many new things today! Besides the genitive case itself, we touched upon new vocab, verbs, and prepositions. We will continue our discoveries in the next Русский язык за три минуты lesson, where we will take a look at the very interesting instrumental case. So, stay motivated. I know you can do it! See you soon.
Пока пока

12 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

RussianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Barry,


3) I think "c" can be followed by the instrumental case and the genitive case too. For example, "I will read it with your permission" (Я прочитаю это с твоего разрешения).

Of course, mostly we use the instrumental case with "c".

Yes, if a feminine noun ends with я we change "я" to "и" to form the genitive case.

I think it's covered in the next lessons, anyway I will ask our team to add the point here as well. Thank you for your notice 😉👍

4)Thank you for the suggestion, I will check with our team if it's possible!

Let me know if you have more questions, I will be happy to help!❤️️


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Barry,


thank you for your questions!

1) Both forms are correct. I agree with Elena's explanation:

If you use "he/she/it" in phrases like "he/she has a car", then it should be with "Н" (У него есть машина).

If you use it meaning "his/her brother has a car" you should use it without "Н" (У его брата есть машина).

Also, we don't add "H" if there is no preposition:

Его нет дома, его машина, её подруга etc.


2) This is why we say "его машина", there is no preposition before the pronoun. The owner can be in front of the owned noun and after it. For example, "машина Ивана" and "его машина".


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Barry
Tuesday at 12:58 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

25 May 2020


Thank you again for another in depth grammar lesson. I have a few questions:


1) In the video, the genitive pronouns for "him/his" and "her" are него and неё, but the lesson notes say его and её. Is latter a typo?

2) In the comments, Evgeniia showed a translation of "his car" as его машина. For pronouns, do we put the owner in front of the owned noun? And why not него машина?

3) In the comments, Elena said "c" is followed by the instrumental case, not the genitive, but it's still in the lesson notes. She also said if a feminine noun ends with я then it should change to и in genitive, but I don't see that in the notes either.

4) Not grammar, but could the website add what date comments are posted? That would be helpful.


Thanks!

RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 12:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi daemon,


Thank you for your question!

Please, notice the right spelling is “у него” and “его”

We use the Genetive case to indicate who the owner of something, in your case we show the owner of a car (Он) - его машина (“его” is in the genetive case from the nominative form (он) and машина is still the nominative case).

You can read more about the Genetive case here:

https://www.russianpod101.com/lesson/lower-beginner-14-lets-go-to-a-russian-exhibition/


Cheers,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

daemon
Saturday at 07:43 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Here's a question:

y HEBO mashina- is 'he has a car'

EBO mashin or mashina is his car: does car go into genitive inflection for this construction as its still possessed by EVO?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Heba,


It is really simple 😄


If you use "he/she/it", like "he/she has a car", than it should be with "Н".

If you use it in the meaning "his/her/it", like "his/her brother has a car" you should use without "Н".


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Heba
Monday at 07:09 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Здравствуйте,


First, I want to thank you because I learned a lot from your lessons.

Second, I found online that with the pronouns он, она, оно and они there are two forms for the personal pronounces , one of them is with Н as the first letter. This form with Н should be used only after the prepositions. In all other cases you should use the form without Н.

I want to make sure if that information is right or not ?


Thanks in advance.

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Christophe,


Thank you for noticing. You are right, it is a mistake.

After "c" we use the Instrumental case, not Genitive.


We will fix it ASAP.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Christophe
Monday at 01:51 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello,

Quick question regarding " с "(with).


It is said in this lesson c is followed by the genitive case.


However in lesson 18 it is said c is followed by the Instrumental case (for example when I say please to meet you /' Приятно с Вами познакомиться', Вами is at the instrumental case). So I am a little confused.


Regards,

Christophe

RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 07:50 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Hanane,

Please replace it with [и].


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com