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Lesson Transcript

Привет Всем. С Вами Светлана. Hi everybody! I’m Svetlana.
Welcome to RussianPod101.com’s Русский язык за три минуты. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Russian.
In the last two lessons, we learned about the nominative and accusative cases as well as personal pronouns. In this lesson let’s go ahead and take a look at another grammar case of Russian nouns.
We will start with the dative case which designates the recipient of an action. For example:
Сергей помогает Татьяне. Sergey helps Tatyana. One more time, slowly.
Сергей помогает Татьяне.
Tatyana is a female name put in dative case. Sergey’s help is addressed to Tatyana.
Dative case usually answers the questions To Whom? and For What? and very often comes with the prepositions K (“To” in English) and ПО, Согласно (on, along, according to). For example:
Я иду к врачу. I am on my way TO the doctor.
Я иду по дороге. I am walking along the street.
Great!!! Now let’s have a look how endings will change in dative case according to the gender and number.
Masculine nouns which end with consonants should add the ending “У”
Друг - Другу
Friend - to the friend
If it ends with “Й” or a soft “Ь” we’ll add “Ю”
Край - Краю
edge- to the edge
Учитель - Учителю
Teacher - to teacher
Я купил подарок другу.
I bought a present to my friend.
Feminine nouns will also change. If they end with “А” and “Я”, you change those endings with “E” vowel. For example:
Сестра - Сестре
Sister - to sister
Таня - Тане
If feminine noun ends with “Ь” we’ replace it with “И”
Печь - печи
Oven - for oven
Тарелка для печи. Plate for oven, for example.
And finally we have the neuter nouns.
we should replace the ending “O” with “У” and “E” with “Ю” For example:
Окно - окну
Window - for window
Море - морю
Sea - to sea
Мы едем к морю. We are going to the sea.
Do you want to know how we modify the personal pronouns in dative case? Let’s have a look.
me Мне
you Тебе
him Ему
her Ей
us Нам
them Им
Do you want to say: Give me chocolate? in russian? Let’s do it!
Дай мне шоколад!
Excellent!!! Try to practice it by replacing the pronoun “ME” or “To me” with other pronouns in dative case.
Well done for this lesson. We’ve already learned the half of the essential Russian grammar for nouns. Congratulations! Please take you time, go back and listen to our lessons again if you need. It will probably take some time to memorise it, but you will see how naturally you will sound once you understand how to put the nouns in a right case.
In this lesson, we learned how to properly use nouns in dative case. It is so helpful when you want to do something for somebody or towards something. In our next lessons we will learn how to express belonging of one object. So, be ready for another challenge.
See you soon in our next Русский язык за три минуты lesson. Пока Пока