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Lesson Transcript

Привет Всем. С Вами Светлана. Hi everybody! I’m Svetlana.
Welcome to RussianPod101.com’s Русский язык за три минуты. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Russian.
In the last two lessons, we learned about the nominative and accusative cases as well as personal pronouns. In this lesson let’s go ahead and take a look at another grammar case of Russian nouns.
We will start with the dative case which designates the recipient of an action. For example:
Сергей помогает Татьяне. Sergey helps Tatyana. One more time, slowly.
Сергей помогает Татьяне.
Tatyana is a female name put in dative case. Sergey’s help is addressed to Tatyana.
Dative case usually answers the questions To Whom? and For What? and very often comes with the prepositions K (“To” in English) and ПО, Согласно (on, along, according to). For example:
Я иду к врачу. I am on my way TO the doctor.
Я иду по дороге. I am walking along the street.
Great!!! Now let’s have a look how endings will change in dative case according to the gender and number.
Masculine nouns which end with consonants should add the ending “У”
Друг - Другу
Friend - to the friend
If it ends with “Й” or a soft “Ь” we’ll add “Ю”
Край - Краю
edge- to the edge
Учитель - Учителю
Teacher - to teacher
Я купил подарок другу.
I bought a present to my friend.
Feminine nouns will also change. If they end with “А” and “Я”, you change those endings with “E” vowel. For example:
Сестра - Сестре
Sister - to sister
Таня - Тане
If feminine noun ends with “Ь” we’ replace it with “И”
Печь - печи
Oven - for oven
Тарелка для печи. Plate for oven, for example.
And finally we have the neuter nouns.
we should replace the ending “O” with “У” and “E” with “Ю” For example:
Окно - окну
Window - for window
Море - морю
Sea - to sea
Мы едем к морю. We are going to the sea.
Do you want to know how we modify the personal pronouns in dative case? Let’s have a look.
me Мне
you Тебе
him Ему
her Ей
us Нам
them Им
Do you want to say: Give me chocolate? in russian? Let’s do it!
Дай мне шоколад!
Excellent!!! Try to practice it by replacing the pronoun “ME” or “To me” with other pronouns in dative case.
Well done for this lesson. We’ve already learned the half of the essential Russian grammar for nouns. Congratulations! Please take you time, go back and listen to our lessons again if you need. It will probably take some time to memorise it, but you will see how naturally you will sound once you understand how to put the nouns in a right case.
In this lesson, we learned how to properly use nouns in dative case. It is so helpful when you want to do something for somebody or towards something. In our next lessons we will learn how to express belonging of one object. So, be ready for another challenge.
See you soon in our next Русский язык за три минуты lesson. Пока Пока

13 Comments

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RussianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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RussianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 10:16 am
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Hello Imsure1200q,


It is because they have different gender. Печь - is feminine noun, and учитель is masculine. Therefore, different rules are applied.


Unfortunately, there is no special rule to figure out the gender of nouns ending in a soft sound, you have to remember which one is masculine and which one is feminine. 😄


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Imsure1200q
Monday at 4:25 pm
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Why does pech' and uchitel' have a soft letter at the end, but don't get the same endings?

nominative: pech', uchitel'

dative: pechi, uchitelyu

How do I even figure out the gender if they have the same endings?

RussianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 9:53 am
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Hello Peter,


Don't be afraid! It's just sounds hard, but in reality everything you need is just practice. ?

Wish you good luck!


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Peter
Tuesday at 1:56 am
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Wow, this is all so very confusing to me. I'd be afraid to try speaking russian for fear of sounding uneducated! I guess this is one instance where english is easier to learn! LOL

RussianPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 2:47 pm
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Hello David


The main function of the dative case is to point out the indirect object or to indicate the recipient (receiver) of an action.


The main questions of the dative case are "to whom?" "for whom?" "to what?" and "for what?".


“Sergey helps Tatyana” = “Сергей помогает Татьяне” (Sergey helps to whom? To Tatyana).


Let's take the sentence "Ivan presented flowers to Masha."

"Ivan" is the subject (the person who is performing an action);

"flowers" is the object acted on by Ivan, and it is put in the accusative case;

and "Masha" is the indirect object. "Masha" is the receiver of Ivan's action. Therefore, in Russian, we put the word "Masha" in the dative case.


Please, let me know if you have more questions.

Best regards、

Elena

David
Wednesday at 11:26 am
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Hello,


I am having trouble understanding the difference between accusative and dative case.


"I see the teacher" = "я вижу учителя." is accusative case, but

"Sergey helps Tatyana" = "Сергей помогает Татьяне". is dative case.


Could you explain why these two sentences are different cases? It seems like both involve the subject performing an action to an object. Thanks in advance. I'm really enjoying this website!

RussianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 3:41 pm
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Hello Edwin,


Please be free to ask any other question!

Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Edwin
Friday at 2:05 am
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Hello Elena,


Now that you have explained, that actually makes sense :sweat_smile:. I just didn't realise it because I was focussing on the Dative case, as it being the subject of the video.


Thanks!


Edwin

RussianPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 2:38 pm
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Hello Edwin,


It is because "шоколад" in the sentence “дай мне шоколад” is in Accusative case. And шоколаду is Dative case.You cannot use Dative case in your sentence.


Elena


Team RussianPod101.com

Edwin
Wednesday at 2:56 am
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Since шоколад is masculine and ends with a consonant, why is it "дай мне шоколад" and not "дай мне шоколаду"? Or am I missing something? ;)