Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Yura: Привет всем, с Вами – RussianPod101.com, я – Yura.
Svetlana: А я – Svetlana, здравствуйте, welcome to Intermediate lesson 24, Daydreaming in Russia
Yura: in this lesson we will learn about conditionals in Russian
Svetlana: While talking about the things that could have been..
Yura: The conversation takes place in a cafe
Yura: and it is between Kseniya and Bill
Svetlana: The speakers will use informal Russian because they are boyfriend and girlfriend
Yura: all right, let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Ксения: О чём ты задумался?
Билл: Просто думаю, какой бы была моя жизнь, если бы я не приехал в Россию.
Ксения: Если бы ты не приехал в Россию, ты бы не встретил меня.
Билл: Да. Я бы до сих пор жил в Бостоне, работал бы в рекламной компании...
Ксения: А если бы я не встретила тебя здесь, я бы уехала в Америку.
Билл: Тогда бы мы встретились там!
Yura: Let’s listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Ксения: О чём ты задумался?
Билл: Просто думаю, какой бы была моя жизнь, если бы я не приехал в Россию.
Ксения: Если бы ты не приехал в Россию, ты бы не встретил меня.
Билл: Да. Я бы до сих пор жил в Бостоне, работал бы в рекламной компании...
Ксения: А если бы я не встретила тебя здесь, я бы уехала в Америку.
Билл: Тогда бы мы встретились там!
Yura: Let’s listen to the conversation with English translation.
Ксения: О чём ты задумался?
Ksenia: What are you thinking about?
Билл: Просто думаю, какой бы была моя жизнь, если бы я не приехал в Россию.
Bill: Just thinking about what my life would be like if I hadn’t come to Russia.
Ксения: Если бы ты не приехал в Россию, ты бы не встретил меня.
Ksenia: If you hadn’t come to Russia, you would not have met me.
Билл: Да. Я бы до сих пор жил в Бостоне, работал бы в рекламной компании...
Bill: Yes. I'd still be living in Boston, working in an advertising company ...
Ксения: А если бы я не встретила тебя здесь, я бы уехала в Америку.
Ksenia: And if I hadn’t met you here, I would have gone to America.
Билл: Тогда бы мы встретились там!
Bill: Then we would have met there!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Yura: So, they’re not actually dreaming.
Svetlana: No, they are not. They are talking about what could have happened if they had not met.
Yura: And what would have happened if Bill hadn’t gone to Russia?
Svetlana: They would have ended up together anyway.
Yura: Because it is their destiny to be together.
Svetlana: So many couples like to believe so...
Yura: Nah, I don’t believe in destiny.
Svetlana: Well, many Russians do believe in destiny, but also in chances and of course in people’s free will. The faith in all these contradictory concepts has become the central topic of many literature masterpieces!
Yura: Oh yeah? For example?
Svetlana: Well, Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita to name the famous one.
Yura: I see, interesting. Shall we go to the vocabulary part?
Svetlana: Let’s go!
VOCAB LIST
Yura: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
1 The first word is
Задуматься (natural)
think about
Задуматься (slow)
Задуматься (natural)
2 Next is
Приехать (natural)
come, reach
Приехать (slow)
Приехать (natural)
3 Next is
встретить (natural)
to meet, pick up
встретить (slow)
встретить (natural)
4 Next is
Жизнь (natural)
life
Жизнь (slow)
Жизнь (natural)
5 Next is
до сих пор (natural)
still, until now
до сих пор (slow)
до сих пор (natural)
6 Next is
жить (natural)
live
жить (slow)
жить (natural)
7 Next is
Рекламный (natural)
advertising
Рекламный (slow)
Рекламный (natural)
8 Next is
если (natural)
if
если (slow)
если (natural)
9 Next is
тогда (natural)
then
тогда (slow)
тогда (natural)
10 Last is
там (natural)
there
там (slow)
там (natural)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Yura: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Svetlana: The first word we will take a look at is Задуматься
Yura: This verb can be translated as “to think” with a notion of starting thinking, considering.
Svetlana: Usually it is used with the preposition o-’about’ and a noun in prepositional case.
Yura: For example, ‘I started thinking about my future when I turned 30.’
Svetlana: Я задумался о моём будущем, когда мне исполнилось 30. A little late don’t you think?
Yura: better late than never. Well, what is the next word?
Svetlana: Приехать which is a verb that means “to come by some means of transport” not on foot. The conjugation in the present tense (with notion of future) is Приеду / Приедешь / Приедет / Приедем / Приедете / Приедут.
Yura: What do you mean by a notion of future?
Svetlana: I mean the conjugation is according to the rules of the present tense but the meaning is actually about the future. For the present tense we will need to use a different verb – приезжать. It is similar but not the same.
Yura: I see , good! The next word is встретить-’to meet someone.’ Svetlana, How would you say ‘Meet an old friend’?
Svetlana: встретить старого друга. Or for example “welcome a new year”- “meet a new year “would be встретить новый год.The next word is actually an expression- До сих пор This phrase is translated as still, but its literal translation is “until these times”.
Yura: For example, ‘He still lives with his parents.’
Svetlana: Он до сих пор живёт с родителями. The question word-’until when’ will be до каких пор.
Yura: Until when is this going to last?
Svetlana: До каких пор это будет продолжаться? Until we finish all the words! What’s next?
Yura: The next one is ‘advertising’...
Svetlana: рекламный, I always use the phrases like рекламный трюк or рекламное агентство.
Yura: Advertising trick or advertising agency? I see.
Svetlana: Okay, now let’s go to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Yura: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to make conditional sentences in Russian by using the word-если which means “if”. Let’s start with The Unreal Conditional.
Svetlana: Right, the unreal conditional denotes a condition that was not met in the past, or that is unlikely to be fulfilled in the future. In other words, to try to express our dreams to suggest some situations that are not real. The Unreal Conditional is formed by если бы +verb in past tense.
Yura: Can we make some examples?
Svetlana: Sure, why not? For example, Если бы я только мог познакомиться с ней!
Yura: ‘If only I had gotten to know her.’
Svetlana: Если бы я знал её номер, то позвонил бы ей.
Yura: ‘If I knew her phone number, I would call her’ or ’if I had known her phone number, I would have called her.’ As you can see, dear listeners, the unreal conditional is much easier in Russian than in English. All you need to know is the verb conjugation in the past and then add ‘if’- если and бы.
Svetlana: You are absolutely right. And we have had enough lessons to feel comfortable with the past tense. So, to continue we usually use the unreal condition to express our regret. Если бы я мог помочь, я бы это сделал не раздумывая.
Yura: ‘If only I could help I would do it in a heartbeat.’
Svetlana: The main clause may be left out: Если бы мы знали! ‘If only we had known!’
Yura: Or Если бы я только умел летать! ‘If only I could fly!’
Svetlana: Great sentence! What would you do if you could fly?
Yura: если бы я только умел летать, я бы стал супергероем. If I could fly, I would become a superhero!
Svetlana: Hahaha, boys will be boys. Dear listeners, as you have noticed we must use the word бы in each part of the sentence. Умел бы, стал бы
Yura: Ok, is there anything else in our grammar part?
Svetlana: Yes, the word ‘if’- Если is also used to introduce a condition and the results if the condition is met: for example, Я пойду, если она там будет.
Yura: ‘I'll go if she will be there.’
Svetlana: Если ты знал, почему же ты мне не сказал!?
Yura: ‘If you knew, why didn't you tell me!?’ In this case we don’t need to use бы.
Svetlana: That’s correct. And the verbs can be used in any tense, not only the past.
Если хочешь есть, приготовь себе яичницу. ‘If you want to eat, fry an egg.’
Если он хотел есть, он готовил себе яичницу. ‘If he wanted to eat, he fried an egg.’
Если он захочет есть, он приготовит себе яичницу. ‘If he wants to eat, he will fry an egg.’
Yura: I see, that is good to know. So, are we done for this lesson?
Svetlana: Yes, that is all.

Outro

Yura: Then see you next time!
Svetlana: пока пока

17 Comments

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RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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What would you do if you had the chance to go to Russia tomorrow?

Try to tell us in Russian!

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:48 PM
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Здравствуйте Tom,


Спасибо for letting us know about that issue. I notified our team and the PDF will be reuploaded very soon!

Let us know if you have any questions or further remarks!


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Tom
Tuesday at 08:06 AM
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Would you please download the material for the PDF. It comes up blank! (ie lesson 24)

RussianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:01 AM
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Здравствуйте robert groulx,


Спасибо for taking the time to leave us a comment. 😇

Let us know if you have any questions!


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robert groulx
Thursday at 10:40 PM
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thanks for the lesson


my favorite words are Если бы я знал её номер, то позвонил бы ей.


robert

Teo
Thursday at 03:46 AM
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Please help me, how i can get lesson 18,19,20 etc. ??

Teo
Thursday at 03:42 AM
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Please help me, how i can get lesson 18,19,20 etc. ???

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:41 AM
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Hello Larry Bucklin,


That's great that you found an answer!

Please be free to ask us any question😄


Elena

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Larry Bucklin
Sunday at 03:59 AM
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Мдаа - вижу, что кто-то уже ответил на мой вопрос. Извините, пожалуйста. Понимаю, что "какой" в творительном падеже - "Жизнь была какой."

."

Larry Bucklin
Sunday at 03:52 AM
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Почему "какой" бы была моя жизнь? , вместо "какая" бы была моя жизнь? Почему слово "какой" не согласиться со словом "Жизнь"?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 01:06 AM
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Hello Simon,


In this case "какой" is feminine, it is in Instrumental case. Masculine in Instrumental case will be "каким".


Elena

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