Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Oxana: Привет всем! Я Оксана.
Eddie: Eddie here. Gengo Russian Season 1, Lesson 6. Don’t miss your chance. How to close the deal in Russian. We’re now on Russian soil.
Oxana: Yes, our lesson today takes place in Russia.
Eddie: Finally! Well, not us anyway but our dialogue friends, John and Elena.
Oxana: Close enough.
Eddie: So last lesson we got up to speed on what’s going on in Russia - the temperature.
Oxana: [температура]
Eddie: The time.
Oxana:[время]
Eddie: The day of the week, Friday.
Oxana:[пятница]
Eddie: So it’s exciting times for our traveler, John, and us. But there’s also a little drama because our conversation partners must part.
Oxana:Yes.
Eddie: Let’s hear how goodbye sounds for our two friends. Will they keep in touch? Will John be brave enough to ask for her number?
Oxana: Let’s see.
Eddie: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Джон: Елена, мне было очень приятно с вами познакомиться.
John: Elena, mne bylo ochen’ priyatno s vami poznakomit’sya.
Елена: Мне тоже, Джон.
Elena: Mne tozhe, John.
Джон: Вот, это моя визитная карточка, здесь мой мобильный телефон и имейл.
John: Vot, eto moya vizitnaya kartocka, zdes’ moi mobil’nyi telefon i email.
Елена: Спасибо! К сожалению у меня нет визитки, давайте я вам напишу мой номер.
Elena: Spasibo! K sozhaleniyu u menya net vizitki, davaite ya vam napishu moi nomer.
Джон: Давайте, вот блокнот.
John: Davaite, vot bloknot.
Елена: Всего хорошего. До связи.
Elena: Vsego horoshego. Do svyazi.
Джон: До свидания!
John: Do svidaniya!
Eddie: One more time, slowly.
Oxana: Ещё раз, медленнее.
Джон: Елена, мне было очень приятно с вами познакомиться.
John: Elena, mne bylo ochen’ priyatno s vami poznakomit’sya.
Елена: Мне тоже, Джон.
Elena: Mne tozhe, John.
Джон: Вот, это моя визитная карточка, здесь мой мобильный телефон и имейл.
John: Vot, eto moya vizitnaya kartocka, zdes’ moi mobil’nyi telefon i email.
Елена: Спасибо! К сожалению у меня нет визитки, давайте я вам напишу мой номер.
Elena: Spasibo! K sozhaleniyu u menya net vizitki, davaite ya vam napishu moi nomer.
Джон: Давайте, вот блокнот.
John: Davaite, vot bloknot.
Елена: Всего хорошего. До связи.
Elena: Vsego horoshego. Do svyazi.
Джон: До свидания!
John: Do svidaniya!
Eddie: One more time, natural speed with the translation.
Oxana: Ещё раз, с переводом.
Oxana: Елена, мне было очень приятно с вами познакомиться.
John: Elena, I was very happy to get to know you.
Oxana: Мне тоже, Джон.
John: You too, John.
Oxana: Вот, это моя визитная карточка, здесь мой мобильный телефон и имейл.
John: Here, this is my business card. My telephone number and e-mail address are on it.
Oxana: Спасибо! К сожалению у меня нет визитки, давайте я вам напишу мой номер.
John: Thank you. Unfortunately, I don’t have a name card. Let me write down my number for you.
Oxana: Давайте, вот блокнот.
John: Ok, here’s a notebook.
Oxana:Всего хорошего. До связи.
John: All the best, you. Keep in touch.
Oxana: До свидания!
John: Goodbye.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Oxana: In Russia, giving out name or business cards is common in business circles, but a lot of people don’t have such cards if they don’t possess an important position in the company where they work. Business cards are for business contacts. And having one just for random, everyday contacts is considered to be show-offy, like acting like you are a big boss. People usually type numbers and emails directly into their cellphones.
John: So we can assume Ileana is not a president of any company or even a manager yet, so she just writes her phone number down without feeling bad about it.
Oxana: Yeah, she wouldn’t even feel ashamed writing her phone down on an airplane napkin. Why not? I once scratched my phone number on a tissue with my nails in the airport and gave it to a Libyan guy I happened to talk to. He was surprised, but called me.
John: So don’t be surprised if in return to your business card you get the question “Do you have anything to write my number on?” Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Oxana: [мне]
John: To me, for me.
Oxana: [мне]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [был, была, бало, были]
Eddie:“Was”, masculine, feminine, neutral and plural forms.
Oxana: [был, была, бало, были]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [очень]
Eddie:Very.
Oxana: [очень]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [приятно]
Eddie: Nice, nicely, pleasantly.
Oxana: [приятно]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [с вами]
Eddie:“With you” - polite or plural form.
Oxana: [с вами]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [познакомиться]
Eddie: To get to know someone, get acquainted.
Oxana: [познакомиться]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [тоже]
Eddie: To.
Oxana: [тоже]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [вот]
Eddie: “Here” or “here you go”.
Oxana: [вот]
Eddie:Next.
Oxana: [мой, моя, моё, мои]
Eddie: “My, mine” - masculine, feminine, neutral, plural forms.
Oxana: [мой, моя, моё, мои]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [визитная карточка]
Eddie: Business card, name card.
Oxana: [визитная карточка]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [здесь]
Eddie: Here.
Oxana: [здесь]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [мобильный телефон]
Eddie: Mobile phone.
Oxana: [мобильный телефон]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [и]
Eddie: And.
Oxana: [и]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [это]
Eddie: It, this, this is.
Oxana: [это]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [спасибо]
Eddie: Thank you.
Oxana: [спасибо]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [к сожалению]
Eddie: Unfortunately.
Oxana: [к сожалению]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [у меня нет]
Eddie: I don’t have.
Oxana: [у меня нет]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [давайте]
Eddie: Let’s.
Oxana: [дабайте]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [вам]
Eddie: To you.
Oxana: [вам]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [писать]
Eddie:To write.
Oxana: [писать]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [номер]
Eddie: Number.
Oxana:[номер]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [блокнот]
Eddie: Notebook, pocket diary.
Oxana:[блокнот]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [Всего хорошего!]
Eddie:Wish you all the best.
Oxana: [Всего хорошего!]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [До связи.]
Eddie: Keep in touch.
Oxana: [До связи]
Eddie: Next.
Oxana: [До свиданья]
Eddie: Goodbye.
Oxana: [До свиданья]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Eddie: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase we’ll look at is…
Oxana:[мне очень приятно]
Eddie: Literally it means “to me it was very nice”. You obviously recognize the phrase [очень приятно] which means “very nice”. And in a context of introduction implies “nice to meet you”. Here, John is using these words in their primary meaning saying that it was very nice to get to know Ileana.
Oxana: [очень приятно познакомиться]
Eddie: But wait, what about those two word in the beginning.
Oxana: [мне было] means to me. It comes from the pronoun [я], meaning “I”. as we already know, there are very few preposition in Russian that actually modify the meaning of the words in Russian, like in English for example “me” or “to me” have two totally different meanings because of the preposition “to”. In Russian, we usually change the endings in order to change the grammatical functions of the words but not in the case of the pronouns. We have to change them completely.
Eddie: So [мне] means “to me”. And how would you say “to you”, Oxanna?
Oxana: [вам] if it’s polite or formal, and [тебе] if you were talking to a friend.
Eddie: What about the second word in the sentence, [было]?
Oxana: [было] is quite simple. It means “it was”. Here’s another example for you - [было холодно] meaning “it was cold”. And if you want to say “I was cold” in the past, you just say [мне] “to me” [было холодно] or [было хорошо], meaning “it was good”. And [мне было хорошо] meaning “I felt good” or literally “it was good to me”. It’s as simple as that.
Eddie: Ok, what’s next?
Oxana:[Елена, мне было очень приятно с вами познакомиться.]
Eddie: He even says her name at the beginning to sound more personal and intimate. But if you want to keep some distance and not make any hints on future relationship and contacts, you can just say…
Oxana: [Было приятно познакомиться.] meaning “it was nice meeting you”.
Eddie: Ok. Next we have…
Oxana: [Мне тоже.]
Eddie: Which literally means “to me too”. And what does he do after Ileana returns the compliment?
Oxana:He says [Вот, ето моя визитная карточка].
Eddie: [вот] means “here” or “here you go”. [это] must be very familiar to you. It means “this” or “this is”. And then we have a possessive pronoun, [моя] meaning “my”. It’s said in the feminine gender because next we have a feminine noun. [визитнзя карточка] meaning “name card”.
Oxana:Literally, [визитная карточка] means “visit card” in Russian. [визитная] comes from the word “visit” because you hand out your card when you pay a visit or when someone visits you, basically when two parties meet. [карточка] means “card” in Russian. You can shorten this phrase and say [визитка] which is an informal of the business card.
Eddie: Next John is explaining what’s on the card or just making it clear that he wants Elena to call.
Oxana:[Здесь мой мобильный телефон и имейл.]
Eddie: [здесь] means “here” and [мой] means “my” and has masculine gender here because the following noun, [телефон], has masculine gender. Remember, nouns always rule. All adjectives and verbs must agree with nouns as to masculine, feminine, neutral or plural. And we’ve learned how to define genders in our first lesson, so [мобильный] meaning “mobile” is also used in the masculine gender. But we got lucky here because masculine is also a dictionary form.
Oxana: Ok, we won’t translate [имейл] here. This is one of those words that needs your nice Russian pronunciation to make this word understandable for Russians.
Eddie: Next, Ileana thanks John and apologizes for not having a card.
Oxana: [Спасибо! К сожалению у меня нет визитки.]
Eddie: First [спасибо] means “thank you”. Then we hear apologetic regret in Ileana’s voice.
Oxana: [к сожалению]
Eddie: “Unfortunately”. Literally it means “to regret” or “to my regret”. Next we have a very useful phrase.
Oxana: [у меня нет]
Eddie: “I don’t have”. What doesn’t Elena have?
Oxana:[визитки]
Eddie:In the previous lesson, we learned that genitive case or, as we called it, the “of” case because it translates English prepositional phrases beginning with “of” and indicated possession. Well, it indicates absence too.
Oxana:[У меня нет визитки.]
Eddie: Next, Elena offers to write his number down for him.
Oxana: [давайте я вам напишу мой номер]
Eddie: The word [давайте] is quite interesting and has several meanings. In our case it means “let’s” or “let me” and is used in a polite or plural form. To a friend, you can say [давай]. When you use it in the meaning “let’s”, you don’t use any personal pronouns after that, otherwise it will mean “let me”. Give us a couple of examples, Axanna.
Oxana: [Давай пообедаем.]
Eddie: Let’s have lunch.
Oxana: [Давай я помогу тебе.]
Eddie: Let me help you.
Oxana: It also has a soft slang meaning, “come on”, as in [давайте быстрей]. “Come on, hurry up”. That’s enough of meanings for now. So Ileana says [давайте я вам напишу].
Eddie: [я] means “I”, [вам] means “to you” and [напишу] means “will write”. The dictionary form of “will write” is…
Oxana: [писать]
Eddie:How would you say “I will call you”?
Oxana:[Я вам позвоню.]
Eddie: Forming the future tense in Russian might be a little complicated without prior preparation, so we’ll leave it for now. What’s the next phrase she’s saying?
Oxana:[мой номер]
Eddie: [номер] is obviously masculine, therefore we use the possessive pronoun [мой] also in the masculine.
Oxana: Then John says [давайте] again, and he agrees with her writing her number down. So literally the dialogue sounds like this: “Let me write my phone number for you”.
Eddie: “Let you”.
Oxana: But of course, in Russian it doesn’t sound like giving permission, it’s just an agreement. [Давайте? Давайте.]
Eddie: Next he says…
Oxana: [блокнот]
Eddie: “Here’s a notebook”. [блокнот] is “a block of notes”. She writes down the number and says…
Oxana: [Всего хорошего!]
Eddie: Which literally means “of all good” and implies wishing all the best to John. And her last phrase...
Oxana: [До связи.]
Eddie: Literally “until the connection”, which means there will be a contact but no one knows when. It’s sort of like “see you next time”. You never know when this “next time” will be, right? Same here, “contact you next time”. In proper English, it would translate as “keep in touch”. The last thing John says to Ileana before that is…
Oxana: [До свидания!]
Eddie: Again, literally it means “until we meet next time”, but it’s used as a simple “goodbye”.
Oxana: So now, from John’s attempt at getting Ileana’s number.

Lesson focus

Oxana: We’re going to learn some valuable grammar.
Eddie: Yes, he starts from… what was that again?
Oxana: [Мне было очень приятно с вами познакомиться.]
Eddie: Let’s make a quick stop on the pronoun [мне]. As we mentioned before, it means “to me”. It’s used in the case we haven’t studied yet, the dative case. Let’s remember the simplest and the most useful function of this case - expressing emotions and talking about conditions.
Oxana: In the sentences like “I'm cold”, “I'm bored”, “I'm interested”, “I feel good” and so on, we start with the pronoun [мне] so let’s translate the above sentences into Russian. [мне холодно]
Eddie: I'm cold.
Oxana:[мне скучно]
Eddie: I'm bored.
Oxana: [мне интересно]
Eddie: I'm interested.
Oxana: [мне хорошо]
Eddie:“I feel good.” And what about him and her, for example?
Oxana: We have to change the pronouns according to dative case so [он] will become [ему] and [она] will become [ей]. And then you add any adverbs you know, but let’s practice with the above ones. [ему] or [ей холодно].
Eddie: He or she is cold.
Oxana: [Ему/ей скучно]
Eddie: He or she is bored.
Oxana: [Ему/ ей интересно]
Eddie: He or she is interested.
Oxana: [Ему/ ей хорошо.]
Eddie: “He or she feels good”. And another essential thing we’ll learn today is expressing absence or saying “I don’t have”.
Oxana: [У меня нет.]
Eddie: This expression requires a noun to go after it as in “I don’t have a dog”, for example. This noun should be used in the genitive case. Remember, the genitive case also indicated possession, but not in the sentence “I have”. This is very important. With “I have” you simply say the nouns in their dictionary forms. The genitive case indicates possession in the sentences that you can translate into English with the preposition “of”, like “the tail of the dog”. But let’s get back to absence, Axanna. We know the rules of how to form the genitive case, so give us some examples with “I don’t have”.
Oxana: [У меня нет собаки.]
Eddie: “I don’t have a dog.” “Dog” is feminine.
Oxana: [У меня нет билета.]
Eddie:“I don’t have a ticket”. “Ticket” is masculine. And two exceptions that are extremely useful to remember.
Oxana: [У меня нет времени.]
Eddie: “I don’t have time”. “Time” is neutral.
Oxana:[У меня нет денег.]

Outro

Eddie: “I don’t have money”. “Money” is plural. Ok. Well, we’ve learned a lot so far but we must stay tuned. The adventure has just begun.
Oxana: Yes, because John is about to enter the real world.
Eddie: In Russian. And we’re here to learn along with him. That just about does it for today.
Oxana: So [До свидания!].
Eddie: See you next time.
--
Джон: Елена, мне было очень приятно с вами познакомиться.
John: Elena, mne bylo ochen’ priyatno s vami poznakomit’sya.
Елена: Мне тоже, Джон.
Elena: Mne tozhe, John.
Джон: Вот, это моя визитная карточка, здесь мой мобильный телефон и имейл.
John: Vot, eto moya vizitnaya kartocka, zdes’ moi mobil’nyi telefon i email.
Елена: Спасибо! К сожалению у меня нет визитки, давайте я вам напишу мой номер.
Elena: Spasibo! K sozhaleniyu u menya net vizitki, davaite ya vam napishu moi nomer.
Джон: Давайте, вот блокнот.
John: Davaite, vot bloknot.
Елена: Всего хорошего. До связи.
Elena: Vsego horoshego. Do svyazi.
Джон: До свидания!
John: Do svidaniya!

15 Comments

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RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello RussianPod101 listeners!

Have you ever regretted giving your digits to someone?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:35 AM
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Здравствуйте, Flavia!


Большое спасибо for your kind feedback! We are happy to hear that you enjoy learning Russian on our platform 😇😇😇

When you speak about a countable subject, like in the sentence "Дай мне ручку", a noun in the accusative case must be used.

More examples:

Дай мне стакан.

Дай мне бутылку.


When it's something uncountable, and you can add "some" in front of the noun, the genitive case must be used:

Дай мне (немного) воды. - Give me (some) water.

Дай мне (немного) сока. - Give me (some) juice.


Let's say, you want a certain pack/glass of juice. In this case, you can use the accusative case:

Дай мне сок.


Please feel free to contact us with any questions!


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

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Flavia
Monday at 01:57 AM
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Hello!


First, I wanted to thank you much for such an interesting and useful platform, I do really appreciate it! 😄

I just had a question concerning some examples above, because I didn't understand the ending of some words. For "Дай мне ручку" and "Дайте ему воды!", which case are you supposed to have after the pronoun in the dative form? Is it accusative or genitive? Because I don't get why ручку is ending like an accusative and воды like a genitive. Could you explain me why their endings are different and which case is it? 😅


I thank you in advance,

Kind regards,


Flavia. ❤️️

RussianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:35 PM
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Здравствуйте rob,


The answer on how to type on a keyboard differs whether you are a Windows or a Mac user but generally speaking, you have two main options. One is to set up a virtual keyboard on your computer. For example on Windows, you can easily do this by opening your Language settings, and under Preferred languages adding the language(s) you want to type in. After that, your keyboard can be switched between the layouts of your home country and that of the language you are learning. This is an easy and convenient solution, however its main disadvantage is that you will need to memorize where the different characters are located.


The second option is to use an on-screen keyboard. This is a bit harder, since you will need to click on the buttons one by one using your computer mouse. These on-screen keyboards come in two main forms: either as an app that you can download on your computer, or as a website.


Hope I could be of help! If you need further technical assistance, please send us an email to contactus@RussianPod101.com so that our technical team can help you out!


Всего наилучшего,

Левенте

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rob
Tuesday at 09:32 AM
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How do you get a keyboard to write in Russian letters.

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:15 PM
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Hello Vince,


thank you, great explanation!❤️️👍

Only one remark:

Dative + было + adverb (ending O) we use when we want to say physical or mental state in the past.


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Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Vince
Monday at 07:29 PM
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@Ron This is the type of sentence without subject (Мне - is not a subject, Dative case, subject can be only Nominative). Since there is no subject we will use neutral form of the verb


This type of sentences:

Dative + было + adverb (ending O) we use when we want to say physical or mental state:

I feel cold - мне холодно

I feel sad - мне грустно

I feel pleasure to meet you - мне приятно

RussianPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:58 PM
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Hello Ron,


thank you for your question! 👍

We often use adverbs when we talk about conditions. You will learn more about it in the next lessons.

For example "He is cold" (Ему холодно).

We add "было" to form the past tense "He was cold" (Ему было холодно).

Here is the same "It was nice to meet you" (Было приятно познакомиться).


Kind Regards,

Evgeniia

Team RussianPod101.com

Ron
Tuesday at 04:54 AM
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Why does John use the neuter form, было, in the first sentence. Shouldn't he use the feminine form (addressing a female) or the masculine form (since he is male)? Help me, I'm confused! 😳

RussianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:13 AM
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Здравствуйте robert groulx,


Спасибо for taking the time to leave us a comment. 😇


We are very happy to have you here.


Let us know if you have any questions!


Всего наилучшего,

Левенте (Levente)

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robert groulx
Tuesday at 12:22 AM
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thank you for the lesson transcript


favorite phrase is Спасибо! К сожалению у меня нет визитки, давайте я вам напишу мой номер.


robert