Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Beginner Series Season 2, Lesson 8 - Make new friends on the plane. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to start a conversation up to make new friends.
Anna: This conversation takes place on the plane, right after the landing.
Eric: The conversation is between Masha and Kevin.
Anna: The speakers do not know each other, so they will be speaking formal Russian.
Eric: Ok, let’s listen to the conversation. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
Anna: [Извините, вы в первый раз в Санкт-Петербурге?]
Eric: [Да, это моя первая поездка.]
Anna: [А я часто летаю в Петербург, это мой родной город.]
Eric: [Вам нравится возвращаться?.] One time, slowly.
Anna: [Еще раз, медленнее. Извините, вы в первый раз в Санкт-Петерурге?]
Eric: [Да, это моя первая поездка.]
Anna: [А я часто летаю в Петербург, это мой родной город.]
Eric: [Вам нравится возвращаться?] One time, natural native speed, with the translation.
Anna: Еще раз с переводом. Извините, вы в первый раз в Санкт-Петербурге?]
Eric: Excuse me, is this your first time in Saint Petersburg.
Anna: Да, это моя первая поездка.
Eric: Yes, this is my first trip.
Anna: А я часто летаю в Петербург, это мой родной город.
Eric: I often fly to Saint Petersburg. This is my home city.
Anna: Вам нравится возвращаться?
Eric: Do you enjoy coming back?
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Anna: Eric, have you ever been to [Санкт-Петербург]?
Eric: Actually, I haven’t, but I really want to go someday.
Anna: I haven’t been either, but I really want to go as well.
Eric: Why do you want to go, Anna?
Anna: You know, Eric, that Saint Petersburg is being referred as the cultural capital of Russia. Have you heard about that?
Eric: Yes, I have, Anna, and that’s one of the reasons I want to go. Even though you haven’t been there, what do you know about Saint Petersburg?
Anna: Well, Saint Petersburg is known to the world for its museums, like [эрмитаж]. Have you heard about that?
Eric: I have indeed.
Anna: Yes, of course. That’s one of the biggest museums in the world. And also in the summertime, you can experience [белые ночи].
Eric: White nights?
Anna: Right. Have you heard about that?
Eric: I have heard about these white nights, but I'm not sure if the sun never sets or if there’s only a few hours of darkness?
Anna: Actually the sun sets, but it’s always light.
Eric: So how do people go to sleep?
Anna: Well, that’s the problem for them, I guess.
Eric: Or not. You could have a great summer in Saint Petersburg.
Anna: That’s actually favorite time for most of the young people cause they just stay out for a night, somewhere, you know.
Eric: That sounds great.
Anna: Yeah.
Eric: Anna, one more thing, you mentioned young people - most people that I talked to in Russia, they referred to Saint Petersburg as [Питер].
Anna: Right, yeah.
Eric: It’s kind of like the slang term for it.
Anna: Right. That’s a very slang term so…
Eric: If you’re saying you’re going to [Санкт-Петербург], how would you say in the short way?
Anna: It will depend on whom I'm talking to. For example, if I'm talking to my friends I would say [Я еду в Питер]. Or if I want to make it more polite, I would say [Я еду в Петербург]. [Петербург] is also short version of [Санкт-Петербург].
Eric: Ok, so you have many options. [Санкт-Петербург, Петербург] or…
Anna: And [Питер].
Eric: [Питер], my favorite. Alright, [спасибо], Anna.
Anna: [пожалуйста], Eric.
Eric: Let’s now take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Our first word is…
Anna: [вы]
Eric: You.
Anna: [вы]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [Санкт-Петербург]
Eric: Saint Petersburg.
Anna: [Санкт-Петербург]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [это]
Eric: This is, that is, it’s.
Anna: [это]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [моя]
Eric: My, mine.
Anna: [моя]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [первая поездка]
Eric: First trip.
Anna: [первая поездка]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [часто]
Eric: Often.
Anna: [часто]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [город]
Eric: A city, a town.
Anna: [город]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [возвращаться]
Eric: To come back.
Anna: [возвращаться]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Eric: Ok, let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: The first phrase we’ll look at is [извините].
Eric: Which means “excuse me”, formal or informal, depending on the circumstance. Can we have an example, Anna?
Anna: Sure, Eric. [Извините, можно пройти?]
Eric: Let’s break that down.
Anna: [извините]
Eric: Excuse me.
Anna: [можно]
Eric: Can I.
Anna: [пройти]
Eric: “Pass” or “get by”. So if you are somewhere on the train, the movie theatre, can you use this expression if you want to move in front of someone?
Anna: Yes, that’s exactly something I would use.
Eric: Ok, so [Извините, можно пройти?].
Anna: Right.
Eric: And that’s polite.
Anna: Right.
Eric: Ok. Next we have the phrase…
Anna: [родной город]
Eric: Anna, [Откуда ты?] Where are you from?
Anna: [Я из Ташкента]. I’m from [Ташкент. Ташкент мой родной город].
Eric: Ok, Anna, why don’t we break that down?
Anna: Ok, Eric. [я]
Eric: I.
Anna: [из]
Eric: from
Anna: [Ташкента]
Eric: “Tashkent”. Or “I am from Tashkent”.
Anna: [Ташкент]
Eric: Tashkent.
Anna: [мой]
Eric: My.
Anna: [родной]
Eric: Birth.
Anna: [город]
Eric: “City”. So, literally, “Tashkent my birth city” or “Tashkent is my hometown”.
Anna: Right. Eric, [А откуда ты?] Where are you from?.
Eric: Anna, [Я из Сан-Диего].
Anna: [Это твой родной город.]
Eric: [Да, это мой родной город]. So I'm from San Diego, Anna, and obviously it’s of Spanish origin, but when you say it in Russian, it goes from San Diego to [Сан-Диего].
Anna: Yeah.
Eric: With an A ending, so it’s funny how the names change their pronunciation when you say them in Russian.
Anna: Right.
Eric: So, Anna, since we’re on the topic, why don’t we say a few famous cities around the world in English and then the Russian counterpart?
Anna: Ok, let’s do that.
Eric: Ok. Paris.
Anna: [Париж]
Eric: London.
Anna: [Лондон]
Eric: Athens.
Anna: [Афины]
Eric: Melbourne.
Anna: [Мельбурн]
Eric: Cairo.
Anna: [Каир]
Eric: Montreal.
Anna: [Монреаль]
Eric: Chicago.
Anna: [Чикаго]
Eric: And finally, Saint Petersburg?
Anna: [Санкт-Петербург]
Eric: Ok, I was hoping you’d say [Питер].
Anna: Oh, no.
Eric: Ok, let’s look at today’s grammar.
LESSON FOCUS
Eric: So, Anna, for this lesson I’d like to focus on one of the questions from the dialogue. [Извините, вы в первый раз в Санкт-Петербурге?]. So here we have the preposition [в].
Anna: Right.
Eric: And then we have [Санкт-Петербург] but you have a the [е] on the end.
Anna: Yes.
Eric: So we’ve covered the prepositional case before in other lessons, but I think this would be a good time to review the case.
Anna: Good idea, Eric. So just to review the prepositional case, when you have the preposition [в] and then the name of the place, you would change the ending of the noun.
Eric: So, Anna, how would masculine, feminine and neutral nouns change in the prepositional case?
Anna: Ok, let’s use some examples. So let’s start from masculine nouns. Let’s take [Санкт-Петербург] as an example. So when you use the prepositional case you would say [в Санкт-Петербурге], so you just add the ending [е] to the noun.
Eric: Ok, so you don’t change the noun itself, you just add the [е] on the end.
Anna: Right. This is for masculine nouns.
Eric: Ok.
Anna: For feminine, let’s look at [Москва], Moscow. You would say [в Москве] so you will change the ending [а] to ending [е].
Eric: Ok, so here you do change the noun ending.
Anna: Right.
Eric: So, Anna, how about neutral place names, like Tokyo? Is that neutral because it ends in an O?
Anna: Oh, actually, Eric, even though it ends in O it’s not a neutral noun. It’s a masculine noun, but please be careful, you cannot change the names of towns if they ends in O, like Tokyo. You wouldn’t say [в Токие], you would always say [в Токио] or [в Чикаго].
Eric: How about Rio de Janeiro?
Anna: [в Рио-де-Жанейро]. So you don’t change the ending.
Eric: Ok, so let’s just recap - for feminine nouns like [Москва], Moscow, you would change…
Anna: [в Москве]
Eric: Ok, [в Москве], and how about [Санкт-Петербург]?
Anna: [в Санкт-Петербурге]
Eric: So you add the [е] on the end to masculine. And most place names are not neutral, they are either masculine or feminine, right?
Anna: Right.
Eric: Ok, so for example you had Rio de Janeiro, it would not change, right?
Anna: No, because it ends in O.
Eric: Ok, Anna, let’s talk about what this means. What does it mean [я в Санкт-Петербурге]?
Anna: Preposition [в] is translated as “at” or “in”, so it indicates the location.
Eric: Ok. So if I call you on the phone and I say [Анна,где ты?], “Where are you?” How could you answer you’re in Cairo?
Anna: [Я в Каире]
Eric: Ok, how would you answer that you’re in New York?
Anna: [Я в Нью- Йорке]
Eric: [в Нью-Йорке]
Anna: Right.
Eric: Because it’s masculine, so you add the [е].
Anna: Right.
Eric: So how about if you’re in Riga?
Anna: Right, I would say [Я в Риге].
Eric: [в Риге] so the A ending changes to [е].
Anna: Right.
Eric: And that means… what does [я в Риге] mean?
Anna: I’m in Riga now.
Eric: Ok, great. Ok, great, Anna. And now I think we’re at the end of the lesson.
Anna: [В конце урока], Eric, right?
Eric: Right. Can we just break that down real quick?
Anna: [в конце]
Eric: At the end.
Anna: [урока]
Eric: Of the lesson.
OUTRO
Anna: Right. So you can use the prepositional case, not only with places but also with other places as well.
Eric: Ok. [Спасибо] Anna.
Anna: [Спасибо тебе, Эрик. До встречи!]
Eric: See you next time.

20 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
RussianPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello listeners!

Are you often in Russia?

user profile picture
RussianPod101.com
Tuesday at 9:52 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Tom,


Please check this lesson:


https://www.russianpod101.com/lesson/ultimate-russian-pronunciation-guide-9-stress-vowel-reduction/?lp=68


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

user profile picture
Tom
Friday at 11:48 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How come Chicago was initially pronounced with an "ah" sound at the end but then the next time it was pronounced with an O at the end following the proposed gramma rule, which one is it?

user profile picture
RussianPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:22 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Catherine B,


If you have any questions, please be free to ask ?


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

user profile picture
Catherine B
Saturday at 2:29 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thank you, Elena, got it!?

user profile picture
RussianPod101.com
Saturday at 11:54 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Catherine B,


It is not an exception.

"Cairo" in Russian is "Каир" without [o]. So it follows the general rule.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

user profile picture
Catherine B
Monday at 6:59 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

"Я в Каире": an exception to your rule about endings in o.

user profile picture
RussianPod101.com
Wednesday at 10:35 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Andrei,


I hope you enjoyed your trip. ?

If you have any question about Russian grammar please be free to ask.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

user profile picture
Andrei
Monday at 11:11 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Я был два раз до сих пор, четыре год назад. Я ехал в Сочи и в Новороссийске.

user profile picture
RussianPod101.com
Monday at 9:20 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Ise,


Your sentence is correct. Just it should be "мультиинструмент" - one word.


Elena


Team RussianPod101.com

user profile picture
lse
Sunday at 6:31 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I like using Russian words in my notes and calendar


This is correct for Swiss Army Knife - multitool?

Швейцарский армейский нож - мульти инструмент