Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Eric: Eric here. Beginner Series Season 1, Lesson 11 – “It’s so cold in Russia. Do you have any advice?” Hi, my name is Eric and I'm joined here by…
Anna: Anna.
Eric: [Привет, Анна!]
Anna: [Привет, Эрик!]
Eric: [Как дела?]
Anna: [Отлично! Как у тебя?]
Eric: [Очень хорошо, Анна!]
Anna: Hello everyone and welcome back to RussianPod101.com
Eric: With us, you’ll learn to speak Russian like a native,
Anna: We’ll also provide you with cultural insights and tips you won’t find in a textbook.
Eric: In the previous lesson, we focused on checking in to a hotel.
Anna: The focus of this lesson is two fault – how to say you don’t have something and how to say you need something.
Eric: Ok, this conversation takes place at the reception desk at a hotel. James is about to leave, he isn’t wearing a hat.
Anna: The conversation is between James Johnson and a hotel clerk.
Eric: The Russians are speaking in a formal setting, so the Russian will also be formal. Drastically improve your pronunciation with the voice recording tool in the Premium Learning Center. Record your voice with the click of a button and play back what you record just as easily. This tool is the perfect complement to the line by line audio.
Anna: Ok, let’s listen to today’s conversation.
Eric: Ok, I’ll be playing James.
Anna: And I’ll be playing the hotel clerk.
Eric: Ok, here we go.
Eric: [Вот ключ.]
Anna: [Спасибо. У вас нет шапки?]
Eric: [Нет.]
Anna: [Сейчас холодно. Вам надо купить шапку.]
Eric: Once again, slowly.
Anna: Еще раз, медленнее.
Eric: [Вот ключ.]
Anna: [Спасибо. У вас нет шапки?]
Eric: [Нет.]
Anna: [Сейчас холодно. Вам надо купить шапку.]
Eric: One time, natural native speed, with the translation.
Anna: Еще раз, с английским переводом.
Anna: [Вот ключ.]
Eric: Here’s the key.
Anna: [Спасибо. У вас нет шапки?]
Eric: Thanks. You don’t have a hat?
Anna: [Нет.]
Eric: No.
Anna: [Сейчас холодно. Вам надо купить шапку.]
Eric: It’s cold now. You should buy a hat.
Eric: Ok, Anna, do you think it’s typical for Russians to give advice about what to wear? Even hotel clerks who don’t know you?
Anna: I think Russians generally like to give advice. And Russians consider this as an indication of care about the other person.
Eric: Yes, Anna, in my personal experience, my host families were always checking to see if I was appropriately dressed.
Anna: What do you mean appropriately dressed?
Eric: Well, for example, there are these shoes that have like a fur, a faux fur lining inside them.
Anna: Oh, right.
Eric: And sometimes they’d be really nice and put them on the heater for me so they’d be nice and toasty. They were very considerate, I was very appreciative actually.
Anna: That’s very good.
Eric: So what other clothing or accessories do Russians wear to keep them warm?
Anna: I think the most important clothing in winter is [шуба]. You know this, right?
Eric: Anna, what is [шуба]?
Anna: [шуба] is a big coat.
Eric: How big?
Anna: Depends on your size.
Eric: Ok, so but I mean, are we talking thick coat, is it furry coat, is it… what kind of coat is this?
Anna: It’s furry, furry coat. Furry, furry.
Eric: Furry, furry coat. Are there like animals attached to this coat, Anna?
Anna: Oh, my god…
Eric: How furry are we talking about?
Anna: No, this coat is made from animals, from animal fur.
Eric: So… I don’t want to be politically correct here but I'm going to be. Is this real animal fur or fake animal fur?
Anna: It depends on how much money you earn. If you are very rich, you would go with the natural fur.
Eric: And if you’re not rich?
Anna: You have [шуба] with the fake fur.
Eric: And if you’re poor?
Anna: You don’t have [шуба].
Eric: That’s so sad. Alright. So Anna, do you think a [шуба] is really that important in the winter time?
Anna: Yes, because it’s really, really cold in Russia.
Eric: So Anna, what you’re saying is that it’s better to go to Russia in the summer, right?
Anna: Well, personally I prefer to go during summer, but you know there is beauty in every season.
Eric: [А, здорово!] That’s very nice. Ok, now let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Eric: First word is…
Anna: [купить]
Eric: To buy.
Anna: [купить]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [холодно]
Eric: Cold.
Anna: [холодно]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [сейчас]
Eric: Now, at the moment.
Anna: [сейчас]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [шапка]
Eric: A winter hat.
Anna: [шапка]
Eric: Next.
Anna: [ключ]
Eric: A key.
Anna: [ключ]
Eric: Ok, let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Anna: Our first word is [ключ].
Eric: Which means “a door key” or “a car key”. Our next word is…
Anna: [шапка]
Eric: Which is “a warm winter hat”. Anna, can you describe a [шапка] for our listeners?
Anna: I guess it’s a little bit difficult because it depends on the fashion but I think listeners have all seen traditional Russian hat, which covers ears.
Eric: This is the one you have, isn’t it, Anna?
Anna: No, actually I don’t have one.
Eric: So Anna, can you use the word [шапка] to mean all hats in Russia? Even a baseball cap?
Anna: You know, Eric, [шапка] generally refers to winter hats, but some people use [шапка] for all hats.
Eric: Ok. So Anna, our next word is…
Anna: [сейчас]
Eric: Which means…
Anna: Now.
Eric: “Now”. Can you give us a real Russian reading of [сейчас]?
Anna: Yeah.
Eric: If you go to Russia, not everyone says [сейчас] like you. You had great pronunciation, but let’s get the real Russian way of saying [сейчас].
Anna: Ok. Usually Russian people say [щас].
Eric: [щас]
Anna: Yeah.
Eric: [щас пойду]
Anna: [щас пойду]
Eric: “I’m going now.” Or [щас приеду].
Anna: Exactly.
Eric: “I'm coming now”. [щас].
Anna: [щас] But you wouldn’t use these impolite settings cause it’s generally considered as a very, very conversational.
Eric: Conversational, so that’s good to know. But with friends you can say [щас, щас].
Anna: Right.
Eric: “Just a minute” or “now”.
Anna: [щас]
Eric: Ok, the last word we’ll look at is…
Anna: [холодно]
Eric: [холодно], which means?
Anna: Cold.
Eric: “Cold”. How would you say “I'm cold”?
Anna: [Мне холодно]
Eric: [Мне холодно] Ok. It’s a good one to know if you’re in Siberia in the winter, but I guess that’s understood.
Anna: Yes, that’s obvious. You don’t need to say this.
Eric: You don’t need to say it. Ok. Anna, how would you say “It’s cold”?
Anna: Just [холодно].
Eric: [холодно] So all you need to say is one word for “it’s cold”?
Anna: Right. [холодно]
Eric: [холодно].
Anna: You can also add emotion, like [холодно].
Eric: Ok. Great, Anna.

Lesson focus

Eric: Now let’s look at the grammar for this lesson. Ok, Anna, let’s add “today” to the expression “it’s cold”. How would you say “Today it’s cold”?
Anna: [сегодня холодно]
Eric: Which literally translates to “Today cold”.
Anna: Right.
Eric: There’s no “it’s”.
Anna: No, it’s very easy.
Eric: Can you say [Холодно сегодня]?
Anna: You can say this but you need to put the emphasis on the first word then. [Холодно сегодня]
Eric: [Холодно сегодня]. Which is more common [Сегодня холодно] or [Холодно сегодня]?
Anna: I think they’re both, the both expressions are pretty common.
Eric: Ok, so you can say either or. Great. So no subject is needed. How would you say “Today is hot”.
Anna: [Сегодня жарко]
Eric: [жарко] Ok. And how about “It’s warm”?
Anna: [тепло]
Eric: [тепло] Nice. So we don’t need “it’s” in any of these expressions.
Anna: Yeah. Isn’t it wonderful?
Eric: It is a good thing. So Anna, if I said [Это холодно], would that be correct?
Anna: No, it’s not correct. You shouldn’t say this.
Eric: So [это] means “this”.
Anna: “This”.
Eric: Or “it’s”. So all you need to remember is that you don’t need [это] in these kind of sentences.
Anna: And [это] means “it’s” or “this is”.
Eric: Again, just to review, how would you say “I’m cold”?
Anna: [Мне холодно]
Eric: [мне]
Anna: [мне холодно]
Eric: Ok, and how about “I’m hot”?
Anna: [мне жарко]
Eric: [мне жарко] So just to note, even though [*] is translated into English as “cold”, an adjective, in Russian it’s an adverb. Right, Anna?
Anna: Right.
Eric: So for example, to say “ The weather is cold” in Russian, how would you say that, Anna?
Anna: I would say [Погода холодная].
Eric: So the ending changes. [холодная]
Anna: Yes, instead of [холодно], you would say [холодная].
Eric: And why is it a feminine ending?
Anna: Because [погода] is a feminine noun.
Eric: I understand, ok. Let’s have another example with tea. How do you say “tea” in Russian.
Anna: Oh, that’s a good example. “Tea” is [чай].
Eric: [чай] And [чай] is what kind of noun?
Anna: [чай] is masculine noun.
Eric: Masculine noun. How would the word change in Russian?
Anna: So I would say [чай холодный].
Eric: [чай холодный]
Anna: [чай холодный]
Eric: The tea is cold.
Anna: So the ending of the masculine noun is [-ый].
Eric: [-ый] Ok. And what is the word for “sea” in Russian?
Anna: “Sea” is [море].
Eric: [море] And what kind of noun is this?
Anna: This is a neutral noun.
Eric: Neutral, ok. And then let’s have an example with [море].
Anna: Ok, for example, [море холодное].
Eric: [холодное]
Anna: [холодное]
Eric: [холодное]
Anna: Right.
Eric: “The sea is cold.” Great. Ok, Anna. Our last grammar point is an important one. It’s how to say “I don’t have something”. Right?
Anna: Right, ok. So let’s talk about this.
Eric: Ok, so in the dialogue, we said [У вас нет шапки].
Anna: Which means “You don’t have a hat.”
Eric: So how would you say “I have a hat”.
Anna: [У меня есть шапка]
Eric: [У меня есть шапка]. And how would you say “I don’t have a hat”?
Anna: [У меня нет шапки]
Eric: Ok, so what changed here? [У меня есть шапка]. [шапка] is feminine noun, so with an [-а] ending.
Anna: Right.
Eric: If you say “I don’t have”, that would be [У меня нет шапки].
Anna: Right.
Eric: So you take out the [есть] and you replace it with [нет] and you also change the ending to [-и], right?
Anna: Right, it’s a very nice explanation, Eric.
Eric: Ok. So let’s have another example. “I have a car”, “I don’t have a car”, let’s have the first one. “I have a car.”
Anna: [У меня есть машина]
Eric: [У меня есть машина] How would you say “I don’t have a car”?
Anna: [У меня нет машины]
Eric: [У меня нет машины] Ok. Anna, I noticed that the ending was a little bit different. With [шапка] is [шапки].
Anna: Right.
Eric: And [машина] is [машины].
Anna: It depends on the letter that comes before A, but generally ending changes from A to [-и] or [-ы]. So if you want to say that you don’t have something in Russian, you would say [У меня нет]. And then you will change the ending of the noun, if it’s feminine, from A to [-и] or [-ы].
Eric: Excellent explanation, Anna. Thank you. So Anna, just to recap. When you say you have something, it’s in the regular, Nominative case that no endings change, right? So [У меня есть шапка].
Anna: [У меня есть ключ]
Eric: [У меня есть ключ] “I have a key.” [У меня есть ключ] “I have a hat”. [У меня есть шапка] No changes.
Anna: No changes.
Eric: If you say “I don’t have”, we use the genitive case, right?
Anna: Right.
Eric: Ok. For feminine nouns what changes? There’s a change for the ending.
Anna: Yes, you change the ending A or Я to И or Ы.
Eric: And for masculine nouns?
Anna: For masculine nouns you add A in the genitive case. For example, [У меня нет ключа].
Eric: Which means?
Anna: I don’t have a key.
Eric: “I don’t have a key.” We had [ключ] and [ключа] in the genitive case. Ok. For more examples of the genitive case and how to say “I don’t have something” or “I have something”, please check out the PDF file for this lesson. Ok, Anna, I think that does it for today.
Anna: Ok, great. Please leave us a comment if you have any questions.


Eric: See you next time.
Anna: [До встречи]


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Whats the weather like in your country? Cold, freezing, hot, humid or just right? Do you wish it was the opposite, or do you love it? Do you like to travel to countries that have extreme weather?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 04:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Kane,

thank you for your question!👍👍👍

Both words mean "need", they are synonyms:

Мне нужно сходить к врачу.

Мне надо сходить в врачу.

Both sentences mean "I need to see a doctor".

The slight difference between them is that нужно is a bit more formal.

Also, when we prohibit something, не надо sounds more strictly:

Не нужно этого делать (you should not do this), sounds like advice;

Не надо этого делать (don't do this), sounds like a prohibition.

Let us know if you have any questions!

Kind Regards,


Team RussianPod101.com

RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 04:36 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Robert Groulx,

thank you for taking the time to leave us comments and for studying Russian with us!❤️️

Kind Regards,


Team RussianPod101.com

Saturday at 02:33 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What's the difference between 'мне надо' и 'мне нужно?' Don't they both mean "I need?"

robert groulx
Sunday at 03:49 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

i like to travel incold wearher but my health oes not permit me


robert groulx
Sunday at 03:48 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

thank you for the vocabulary list


RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:16 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Nour,

Thank you for learning Russian with us! 😄


Team RussianPod101.com

Saturday at 11:21 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

This audio was amazing

And I like the word chapka and cultural insights are so good and there is in it many incredible advices

Thank you guys for all this ❤️❤️🙏

Monday at 06:59 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Hitham,

You can check out our video lesson series in our Lesson Library:


Here's one example:


In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.



Team RussianPod101.com

Hitham sobhy
Tuesday at 10:08 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

im wandering if you can support the lessons with videos it will be so nice❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:54 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Peter,

Thank you for letting us know. We will check it. 😳


Team RussianPod101.com