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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John:
Hi everyone, and welcome back to RussianPod101.com. This is Business Russian for Beginners Season 1 Lesson 17 - Explaining an Absence from the Office. John Here.
Karina:
Привет, I'm Karina.
John:
In this lesson, you’ll learn how to explain the reasons for having taken a day off or leaving the office early. The conversation takes place at the office.
Karina:
It's between Anna and Linda.
John:
The speakers are co-workers, therefore, they will use informal Russian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Анна:
Привет Линда, как дела? Я слышала, что ты себя плохо чувствовала вчера.
Линда:
Прости. У меня ужасно болела голова, и я отдыхала дома.
Анна:
Не нужно извинений, такое бывает!
Анна:
Я тоже иногда страдаю от головных болей.
John:
Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Анна:
Привет Линда, как дела? Я слышала, что ты себя плохо чувствовала вчера.
Линда:
Прости. У меня ужасно болела голова, и я отдыхала дома.
Анна:
Не нужно извинений, такое бывает!
Анна:
Я тоже иногда страдаю от головных болей.
John:
Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Anna:
Hello Linda, how are you? I heard that you didn't feel well yesterday.
Linda:
Apologies. I had a severe headache and I rested at home.
Anna:
You don't have to apologize, it can happen!
Anna:
I also sometimes suffer from headaches.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John:
Anna was really nice about Linda’s absence too.
Karina:
Yeah, this seems like a really nice and friendly place to work, doesn’t it?
John:
It does. Can I get a job there?
Karina:
Not until after we’ve finished this lesson! Linda did give notice for her absence though, so people would be more understanding.
John:
Absences without a notice are a no-no, I guess?
Karina:
Right. If you’re sick, you must call your boss and tell them.
John:
Do you need a sick note from your doctor?
Karina:
Yes, it’s better to get a sick-voucher from the hospital so you don’t get a penalty for being absent.
John:
We spoke about paid holiday leave in a previous lesson. Are there any occasions where you can take unpaid holidays?
Karina:
According to Russian Labor Law, you can have five unpaid days off for a wedding, birth, or death of a close relative.
John:
Three important events. And if there’s no real reason why you’re absent…?
Karina:
You can be fired.
John:
Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John:
Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Karina:
вчера [natural native speed]
John:
yesterday
Karina:
вчера[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
вчера [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Karina:
головная боль [natural native speed]
John:
headache
Karina:
головная боль[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
головная боль [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Karina:
отдыхать [natural native speed]
John:
to rest
Karina:
отдыхать[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
отдыхать [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Karina:
извинения [natural native speed]
John:
apologies
Karina:
извинения[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
извинения [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Karina:
такое [natural native speed]
John:
this, such thing
Karina:
такое[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
такое [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Karina:
бывать [natural native speed]
John:
to happen, to take place
Karina:
бывать[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
бывать [natural native speed]
John:
And last...
Karina:
страдать [natural native speed]
John:
to suffer
Karina:
страдать[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina:
страдать [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John:
Let's have a closer look at the usage of one of the phrases from this lesson. The phrase is...
Karina:
Такое бывает!
John:
meaning "It can happen!" What can you tell us about this phrase?
Karina:
First is Такое, “this” in neuter, followed by бывает.
John:
Which is “happens” in present simple. How can this be used?
Karina:
It’s neutral and can be used with both colleagues and your boss.
John:
Can it be made more formal or informal?
Karina:
If you shorten it to just бывает, then it becomes informal.
John:
Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Karina:
Sure. For example, you can say, - Принтер не работает! - Бывает.
John:
...which means "- Printer doesn't work! - (Sometimes it) happens."
John:
Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John:
In this lesson, you'll learn about explaining the reasons for having taken a day off or leaving the office early. This sounds like a case for the past tense.
Karina:
Right. There were a few examples of past tense verbs in the conversation: я слышала, ты чувствовала and я отдыхала.
John:
“I heard,” “you felt,” and “I rested,” respectively. What can you tell us about the past tense conjugation of these verbs?
Karina:
They are all feminine verbs, so they all end in ла. That’s typical of feminine verbs in past tense.
John:
How about masculine verbs in past tense?
Karina:
Replace the ть ending of the infinitive form with л, and for plural or polite form—with ли.
John:
Let’s hear the past tense in some example sentences.
Karina:
У меня была температура.
John:
“I had a fever.”
Karina:
У меня болел живот.
John:
“I had a stomachache.” What if the issue is a recurring one, like Linda and her headaches?
Karina:
In that case, it’s better to use the present tense and a frequency adverb.
John:
Let’s have an example of this too.
Karina:
Я должен водить сына к врачу каждые два месяца.
John:
“I have to bring my son to the doctor every other month.”
Karina:
If you’ve been ill, when you return to the office you’ll have to speak to your colleagues.
John:
In Linda’s case that was fine though; Anna was really nice and understanding.
Karina:
Right. It’s nice to say to a returning colleague, Не нужно извинений.
John:
“You don’t have to apologize.”
Karina:
This phrase is very neutral, so it can be used in both formal and informal situations.
John:
And maybe the phrase we learned earlier in the key vocabulary section could come in handy here too?
Karina:
Yes! Такое бывает!
John:
“It can happen!”

Outro

John:
Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Karina:
Пока!

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