Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Привет всем! С Вами Светлана. Hi everybody! I’m Svetlana. Welcome to RussianPod101.com’s Русский язык за три минуты. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Russian.
In the last lesson, we learned how to express gratitude with Спасибо. In this lesson we’ll learn some of the most common greetings you’ll use in Russia.
Готовы? Are you ready? Поехали! Let’s start!
The most used informal greeting is:
Привет!
[slowly] Привет.
Привет means “hi” or “hello”. We use this greeting when we meet friends, cousins, or close relatives. Please keep in mind that it is a very informal greeting. If you are not close to someone, or if he or she is older than you, you should not use this word.
Here is a more formal way to greet people.
Здравствуйте
[slowly] Здравствуйте.
This is a very formal greeting that can be used at any time of day. As a variation, Здравствуй can also be used. This is a still a little casual, but much more formal than привет. Здравствуй is actually a variation of здрава желаю, meaning “I wish [you] health”. So Здравствуй literally means “I wish you to be healthy”. (slowly) Здравствуй
Russian also has equivalents to the English “Good morning”, “Good afternoon”, and “Good evening”. They are “Доброе утро, добрый день, добрый вечер”. They are similar to здравствуйте in politeness and formality. However, remember to use them at the proper time depending on whether it is morning, afternoon, or evening.
Доброе утро, which means “good morning”, is usually used before 12 p.m.
[slowly] Доброе утро
The word “Добрый” means “kind”. Russians don't say 'Good Morning' - they say 'Kind Morning'.
The word “утро” means “morning”.
So literally this phrase means “Kind morning to you”.
Very sweet!
“добрый день” can either mean “good afternoon” or “good day”. Since the word здравствуйте can be used at any time of the day, you will hear it more than добрый день, but it’s still a phrase you should learn!
[slowly] добрый день
The final greeting is “ добрый вечер”, and we usually use it after 6 p.m. The word “вечер” literally means “evening”. “Kind evening to you”
[slowly] добрый вечер
Very easy, right?
The usual way to say goodbye in almost any situation is До свидания! which literally means "Till (the next) meeting."
[slowly] До свидания!
If you're on casual terms with somebody, you may also say Пока, which means “bye” or “see you later”.
[slowly] Пока
The phrase you use when leaving someone in the evening or just before bed is Спокойной ночи.This phrase works both for formal and informal situations.
[slowly] Спокойной ночи
You can now greet people in many different ways in Russia! Congratulations!
Now it’s time for Svetlana’s Tip.
As I mentioned in our first lesson, Russians commonly greet each other by shaking hands or slightly nodding the head . What I want to add to this is that Russians are very superstitious people, so we never shake hands over the threshold between rooms. It is considered to be unlucky. So always go into the room first before shaking hands. Women usually kiss each other on the cheek three times, starting with the left cheek. Men hug and pat each other’s backs.
In the next lesson we’ll learn the meaning of the phrase Извините, вы говорите по-английски? Do you already know it? I'll be waiting to tell you about it in our next Русский за три минуты
Пока пока! See you!

11 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

RussianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

RussianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 7:53 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello robert groulx,


You are welcome 😄


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

robert groulx
Friday at 9:29 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

thank you for the lesson transcript


robert

RussianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 12:22 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Paul Richard Hynd,

Пожалуйста!


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Paul Richard Hynd
Saturday at 8:19 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Большое спасибо Светлана!

RussianPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 7:17 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello warren G,

Thank you for your question.

"здрава" is old Russian. It`s the same as "здравия" (old word) or “здровья” (which is used nowadays and means "health").


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

warren G
Monday at 2:07 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

In this lesson, you break down a word into two words, namely "здрава желаю"


This does not appear to be valid ending on the first word.


The only endings I can find elsewhere are "здравия" or "здровья"


What say you??

RussianPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 2:27 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Mo!


Thank you for your positive feedback!


Elena


Team RussianPod101.com

mo
Friday at 6:18 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I love your little videos, they are really cool, thanks!

RussianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 2:40 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Eric,


It's true, we don't yet have a lesson specifically dedicated to third person's introduction. But it is very easy. You can make it based on the material you have already learned in our series of Survival and Absolute Beginner lessons.

You need to use demonstrative and possessive pronouns in Russian to introduce somebody. For example, say: "This is my wife, Natasha".

Это моя жена, Наташа. Eto moya Zhena, Natasha.

First you use demonstrative pronoun "This" (Eto) and then possessive pronoun "my" (moya) in nominative case. Right after you specify the person's title and finally say his/her name.


Hope it will help.

Let us know if you have any other questions.

Svetlana,

Team RussianPod101.com

Eric
Saturday at 8:34 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you have a lesson where you are introducing someone to another group or person?

Such as introducing your wife/husband/partner/etc. to friend(s)/co-worker(s)/etc.


Спасибо, (Thank you,)

Эрик (Eric)