Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Привет Всем. С Вами Светлана. Hi everybody! I’m Svetlana.
Welcome to RussianPod101.com’s Русский язык за три минуты. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Russian.
In the last lesson, we learned different time-related adverbs. I also talked about impersonal sentences that are commonly used in Russia. In this lesson, let’s take a closer look at them. We will learn how to build a sentence without a subject or a verb, only using adverbs.
When do we use impersonal sentences? The most common case is when we are talking about the weather. For example:
“It is sunny.” “It is windy.” “It is rainy.”
Do you want to know how to say it in Russian? It’s super easy. We need only one word and an adverb, which never changes. You just look it up in the dictionary and use it as it is. Here we go:
Солнечно. is “It is sunny.”
Ветренно. is “It is windy.”
Дождливо. is “It is rainy.”
Very easy!!! Let me give you some more useful adverbs to describe weather conditions.
Пасмурно. is “It is cloudy.”
Тепло. is “It is warm.”
Жарко. is “It is hot.”
Холодно. is “It is cold.”
Прохладно. is “It is chilly.”
We also use impersonal sentences to talk about other conditions such as the following
“It is dark.” is Темно
“It is bright.” is Светло
“It is expensive.” is Дорого
“It is cheap.” is Дешево.
As you’ve probably noticed, those sentences are equivalent to the English sentence: “It is [something]… “.
To say it in the past tense, you simply need to conjugate the verb “to be”, “Быть” and put it in it’s past tense.
In Russian, the past form of the verb “Быть” is “Было”. Say, for example “It was rainy,” Which is Было дождливо.
This is all we need to do.
Now let’s add the time-related adverb Вчера and say “It was sunny yesterday”
Вчера было солнечно.
Good job!
What if we want to talk about the weather tomorrow, or in the future?
We just need to put our verb Быть in the future form. Say Будет. Now let’s try to build a sentence.
“It will be hot tomorrow.” Завтра будет жарко. Or: It will be windy the day after tomorrow.”
Послезавтра будет ветрено.
Well done during this lesson!
Now it is time for Svetlana’s tips.
Russian people like talking about weather, it is not always cold there as most people might think. There are four seasons in Russia, and of course you might be cold in some parts, but other parts of Russia can get very hot. Russians like to forecast the weather, and there are a lot of weather-related superstitions and beliefs.
Ok, that’s it for this lesson. We’ve learned a lot of useful phrases. Our next lesson will be the last in this Language series, so we will learn many different ways to say good-bye in Russian.
Join us in our last Русский язык за три минуты lesson. I look forward to seeing you! Пока Пока

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RussianPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:30 pm
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RussianPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 11:54 am
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Hello YKL,


You are correct, there is a mistake in spelling. It should be "дешево".


We have already fixed the script.


Elena


Team RussianPod101.com

YKL
Tuesday at 2:11 am
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Is the russian word for for “It is cheap.” wrongly spelt in the video and the transcript?? I can only look up the word 'dyo sh ye vo' in my dictionary.