Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Yura: Привет всем, с Вами – RussianPod101.com, я – Yura.
Svetlana: А я – Svetlana, здравствуйте, welcome to Intermediate Season 1, Lesson 13, A Missing Child in Russia.
Yura: In this lesson, we will learn about adjectives and some prefixes to form adjectives with the opposite meanings.
Svetlana: The conversation takes place in a mall…
Yura: and it is between a mom who has lost her child in the mall and an employee of the store.
Svetlana: The speakers don’t know each other so the conversation will be in formal Russian.
Yura: All right, let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Мама Извините, я потеряла своего маленького сына в толпе. Можно дать объявление о розыске по громкой связи?
Служащий Да, конечно. Опишите своего сына.
Мама Ему 7 лет, но выглядит старше. Рост – примерно 130 см. Одет в зелёные штаны и красный свитер, в руках у него большая игрушечная машина. Зовут Максим.
Служащий Так вот же он! Прячется от Вас...
Yura: Let’s listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Мама Извините, я потеряла своего маленького сына в толпе. Можно дать объявление о розыске по громкой связи?
Служащий Да, конечно. Опишите своего сына.
Мама Ему 7 лет, но выглядит старше. Рост – примерно 130 см. Одет в зелёные штаны и красный свитер, в руках у него большая игрушечная машина. Зовут Максим.
Служащий Так вот же он! Прячется от Вас...
Yura: Let’s listen to the conversation with English translation.
Мама Извините, я потеряла своего маленького сына в толпе. Можно дать объявление о розыске по громкой связи?
Yura: Excuse me; I lost my little son in the crowd. Is it possible to do an announcement on the loudspeaker?
Служащий Да, конечно. Опишите своего сына.
Yura: Yes, of course. Describe your son.
Мама Ему 7 лет, но выглядит старше. Рост – примерно 130 см. Одет в зелёные штаны и красный свитер, в руках у него большая игрушечная машина. Зовут Максим.
Yura: He is 7 years old, but looks older. His height is about 130 centimeters. He's dressed in green pants and a red sweater, and he has a big toy car in his hands. His name is Maxim.
Служащий Так вот же он! Прячется от Вас...
Yura: Here he is! Hiding from you...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Yura: Thank god this mother could find her little son!
Svetlana: Yes, she was really lucky. Everyday you hear that terrible news about lost children who were never found.
Yura: But it is not the case here. He was found very easily thanks to his brightly colored clothes and the toy he was holding..
Svetlana: yes, I am surprised the mother didn’t say the color of his hair or eyes..
Yura: ah, but it is not helpful since most of Russians are blonde with blue eyes..
Svetlana: that’s not so true...there are more than 100 ethnic groups in Russia, so Russians can be blond, red-headed, have dark hair, dark eyes; all combinations are possible.
Yura: Ok, then let's get to the vocabulary for this lesson!
VOCAB LIST
Yura: The first word is,
Svetlana: Извинить [natural native speed]
Yura: Excuse
Svetlana: Извинить [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Извинить [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Потерять [natural native speed]
Yura: Lose
Svetlana: Потерять [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Потерять [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Толпа [natural native speed]
Yura: Crowd
Svetlana: Толпа [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Толпа [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Описать [natural native speed]
Yura: Describe
Svetlana: Описать [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Описать [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Рост [natural native speed]
Yura: Height
Svetlana: Рост [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Рост [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Быть одетым [natural native speed]
Yura: Be dressed
Svetlana: Быть одетым [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Быть одетым [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: свитер [natural native speed]
Yura: sweater
Svetlana: свитер [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: свитер [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Игрушечный [natural native speed]
Yura: Toy
Svetlana: Игрушечный [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Игрушечный [natural native speed]
Yura: Next is,
Svetlana: Вот [natural native speed]
Yura: Here is, This is how
Svetlana: Вот [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Вот [natural native speed]
Yura: Last is
Svetlana: Прятаться от [natural native speed]
Yura: Hide from
Svetlana: Прятаться от [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Svetlana: Прятаться от [natural native speed]]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Yura: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Svetlana: The first word is извинить which means “to excuse”. It is used to draw someone’s attention or to stop someone in the street, just like in English. For example,
Yura: Excuse me, can you tell me what time it is?
Svetlana: извините, вы не скажете, который час?
Yura: wonderful, the next word is потерять which means...
Svetlana: ‘to lose’ and is used with a noun in accusative case. For example, ‘I lost my wallet.’ Я потерял мой кошелёк.
Yura: great, the next word is a noun толпа- ‘crowd,’
Svetlana: and the most frequent collocation is толпа людей- ‘a crowd of people.’
Yura: that was easy, let’s move to the next verb-описать- ‘describe.’
Svetlana: it is a perfective verb. The example in our lesson is to describe people - описать людей.
Yura: great, the next word includes a verb and a participle.
Svetlana: right, быть одетым- ‘be dressed.’ The set phrase will include this verb and a participle set plus a preposition в and a noun in accusative case.
Yura: oh, that sounds complicated, we need an example!
Svetlana: all right. Мальчик одет в брюки. “The boy is dressed in the trousers.”
Yura: the next word is игрушечный, which means ‘toy’ but as an adjective.
Svetlana: for example, игрушечный дом ‘a toy house’
Yura: wonderful, the next word is very short-вот- ‘here is…’ ‘this is how…’
Svetlana: yes, we use this word like in the dialogue, to show something, to draw someone’s attention. вот же он! “There he is!”
Yura: Perfect, and the last word is…
Svetlana: Прятаться от..This verb is imperfective and means ‘to hide (oneself) from…’
Yura: For example, “You can’t hide from these problems anymore.”
Svetlana: Ты больше не можешь прятаться от этих проблем. The perfective verb would be cпрятаться and it means ‘to hide successfully.’
Yura: for example, You can’t hide from your fate.
Svetlana: От судьбы не спрятаться. Oh, a little too dramatic for the end of the section!
Yura: Nah...Well, here is the end of the section.
Svetlana: Now let's go to grammar.

Lesson focus

Yura: In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to use reflexive verbs.
Svetlana: These are the verbs with the ending –ся or –сь. They can be formed from many non-reflexive verbs and show that the action in the sentence affects the person or thing that does the action.
Yura: For example, Одевать- ‘dress someone’
Svetlana: Одеваться- ‘get dressed’
Yura: Порезать- ‘cut’
Svetlana: Порезаться- ‘cut oneself
Yura: In other words, the ending ся gives the meaning “do something to oneself” so most of the sentences with…-self can be translated only with the verb.
Svetlana: for example, Я порезался, когда готовил салат.
Yura: “I cut myself when I was making a salad.” You said порезался, is this a masculine or feminine ending?
Svetlana: masculine, the feminine would be порезалась.
Yura: reflexive verb are formed with the endings – ся and –сь. Are there any rules to understand better when we should use one over the other?
Svetlana: yes, there are. We add the ending - ся to it. First, infinitives
Yura: for example, Одеваться- ‘get dressed,’ Прятаться- ‘hide oneself’
Svetlana: Second, verbs in the present tense:
Yura: Одевается- gets dressed, Прячется- ‘hides oneself’
Svetlana: Third, verb in the past tense in masculine gender
Yura: Одевался- got dressed, Прятался- ‘hid himself’
Svetlana: We add the ending –сь to the verbs in the past tense in feminine and neuter gender
Yura: Одевалась- ‘got dressed,’ Пряталась- ‘hid herself’ - this is feminine gender
Svetlana: Одевалось- got dressed, Пряталось- ‘hid oneself’ - this is neuter
Yura: Can we form reflexive verbs from any non-reflexive verb ?
Svetlana: almost, but it gives the verb a slightly different meaning. First of course there is a reflexive meaning “to do something to oneself” For example, Извинить-извиниться
Yura: ‘excuse’ - ‘excuse oneself’
Svetlana: Потерять-потеряться
Yura: ‘lose’- ‘lose oneself’
Svetlana: Прятать-прятаться
Yura: ‘hide’ – ‘hide oneself’
Svetlana: Then, we can create an impersonal verb Хотеть- хотеться
Yura: ‘want’ - ‘feel like’
Svetlana: Спать-спаться
Yura: ‘sleep’ - ‘get to sleep’
Svetlana: перед экзаменом мне не спится.
Yura: “I can get to sleep before the exam.” But it is you who doesn’t sleep! Why is it impersonal?
Svetlana: well, I can’t control it, can I? so I guess that’s why it is impersonal.
Yura: I see. Let’s go over the verbs in our vocabulary to see if we can make them reflexive.
Svetlana: ok, well we have already done: извинить- извиниться,
Yura: ‘excuse someone’- ‘excuse oneself’
Svetlana: and we had потерять- потеряться-
Yura: ‘lose’- ‘get lost,’
Svetlana: одеть-одеться-
Yura: ‘dress’- ‘get dressed,’
Svetlana: прятать-прятаться-
Yura: ‘hide'-be hidden.
Svetlana: And one we haven't mentioned before описать-описàться.-
Yura: which means "describe- misspell". As you can notice, the perfective verb has a slightly different meaning.
Svetlana: now that you mention that, описать-описàться have completely different meanings- описать means ‘to describe’ and описàться means ‘misspell something.’ And be careful with the accent as well- if you say опѝсаться this would mean ‘pee oneself.’ So be careful.
Yura: haha, I will be careful.
Svetlana: ok, and there are some verbs that exist only in the reflexive form. For example, Смеяться
Yura: to laugh
Svetlana: Надеяться
Yura: to hope
Svetlana: Кланяться
Yura: to bow
Svetlana: and many many others. Well, I guess this is all I wanted to tell you about reflexive verbs in this lesson. Any questions?
Yura: I guess it is pretty straightforward.

Outro

Yura: Attention perfectionists! You're about to learn how to perfect your pronunciation.
Svetlana: Lesson Review Audio Tracks.
Yura: Increase fluency and vocabulary fast with these short, effective audio tracks.
Svetlana: Super simple to use. Listen to the Russian word or phrase...
Yura: then repeat it out loud in a loud clear voice.
Svetlana: You'll speak with confidence knowing that you're speaking Russian like the locals.
Yura: Go to RussianPod101.com, and download the Review Audio Tracks right on the lesson page today. See you, dear listeners, in our next lesson.
Svetlana: пока пока!
Yura: Bye-bye!

9 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Can you describe yourself when you were a child?

Challenge yourself aswering in Russian! If you have any doubts, ask RussianPod101.com!

RussianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 08:56 AM
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Здравствуйте robert groulx,


Спасибо for taking the time to leave us a comment. 😇

Let us know if you have any questions!


Всего наилучшего,

Левенте (Levente)

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robert groulx
Sunday at 10:22 PM
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thanks for the lesson


my favorite words are прятать-прятаться-


robert

RussianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:51 PM
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Hello 13,


Anything wrong with it? 😄


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

13
Monday at 02:44 AM
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громкой связи?

RussianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:54 PM
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Hello Mary G,


" молодой девушкой" is correct. The choice between " молодой девушкой" and "ребенком" depends on about what period of time you want to say. :smile:


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Mary G.
Sunday at 01:57 AM
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I had ребенком originally, and I changed it. Isn't молодой девушкой the instrumental of молодая девушка? Or is it better to use ребенком?


Mary

RussianPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:16 PM
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Hello Mary G,


The correct sentence should be:


"Когда я была ребенком, я была любопытной, иногда озорной и счастливой".


After the verb "to be" we basically use the Instrumental case. You can find more about cases in Low Beginner series. In this series we wrote everything about cases: formation, usage, exceptions, cases of adjectives (plural and singular).


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Mary G.
Wednesday at 11:47 AM
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When I was a child, I was curious, sometimes mischievous, and happy.:smile:


Когда я была молодой девушкой, была любопытный, иногда озорно́й я счастливой.