Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to RussianPod101.com. This is Business Russian for Beginners Season 1 Lesson 5 - Talking About Your Long Weekend in Russian. John Here.
Karina: Привет, I'm Karina.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to greet a co-worker after a long weekend. The conversation takes place at home.
Karina: It's between Linda and Alexander.
John: The speakers are co-workers, so they will use both formal and informal Russian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Линда: Доброе утро.
Александр: Здравствуй, Линда!
Линда: Как прошли выходные?
Александр: Я ездил в Москву.
Линда: О! И как прошло? Ты посещал достопримечательности или встречался с друзьями?
John: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Линда: Доброе утро.
Александр: Здравствуй, Линда!
Линда: Как прошли выходные?
Александр: Я ездил в Москву.
Линда: О! И как прошло? Ты посещал достопримечательности или встречался с друзьями?
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation
Linda: Good morning!
Alexander: Hello Linda!
Linda: How was the weekend?
Alexander: I went to Moscow.
Linda: Oh, and how was it? Were you doing some sightseeing or meeting with friends?
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: It sounds like Alexander had a good weekend.
Karina: Yes, he went to Moscow. I hope he had a good time!
John: Days off from work are precious. What kinds of holidays do people get in Russia?
Karina: Some of the main holidays are New Year's, Men's Day, or Defenders' Day, and Women's Day.
John: Are these national holidays?
Karina: Yes, they are. They are often celebrated in the office on the day before the holiday.
John: Really? How do you celebrate them?
Karina: Well, the last working day is usually shortened by one hour.
John: How about the New Year holiday? Do businesses mark that in any way?
Karina: It’s common to have a party organized by the company.
John: How about other holidays?
Karina: Big companies might have large parties for everyone, but there are also department parties too.
John: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Karina: выходные [natural native speed]
John: weekend, holidays
Karina: выходные[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: выходные [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Karina: ездить [natural native speed]
John: to go (on any kind of transport)
Karina: ездить[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: ездить [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Karina: как прошло [natural native speed]
John: how was it
Karina: как прошло[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: как прошло [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Karina: посещать [natural native speed]
John: to visit
Karina: посещать[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: посещать [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Karina: достопримечательности [natural native speed]
John: attractions
Karina: достопримечательности[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: достопримечательности [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Karina: встречаться с [natural native speed]
John: to meet with
Karina: встречаться с[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: встречаться с [natural native speed]
John: And last..
Karina: друг [natural native speed]
John: friend
Karina: друг[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Karina: друг [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Karina: посещать
John: meaning "to visit"
John: What can you tell us about this?
Karina: This is a verb meaning “to visit”.
John: What type of visits is it used for?
Karina: You can use it to refer to visiting tourist attractions, countries, or cities.
John: Can it be used for making a visit to someone?
Karina: Yes it can, but this is official sounding, so sometimes it’s used ironically for this in informal speech.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Karina: Sure. For example, you can say.. Премьер-министр посетил завод и встретился с рабочими.
John: ..which means "The prime-minister visited the plant and met with workers."
John: Okay, what's the next word?
Karina: друг
John: meaning "friend"
John: What can you tell us about this?
Karina: друг is singular. In the plural form it is irregular, and is друзья.
John: Keep that in mind, listeners!
Karina: You can say други мои
John: Meaning “my friends”
Karina: Or други. This is grammatically incorrect, but is often used in informal speech as it is a sarcastic way to refer to close friends..
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Karina: For example, you can say.. Друг одолжил мне свою машину.
John: .. which means "A friend loaned me his car." Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to greet a co-worker after a long weekend. Karina, how do you ask a co-worker how their weekend was?
Karina: You can say Как прошли выходные?
John: Meaning “How was the weekend?” Can you break that sentence down for us?
Karina: Sure. Как is “how,” прошли is the main verb and means “they went,” and finally we have выходные, which is “consecutive holidays” or “weekend,” and is a plural noun.
John: Is it possible to change the word for “weekend” to something else to ask about other holidays?
Karina: Yes, it is. For example, you could ask about Новогодние каникулы.
John: Meaning “New Year holidays.”
Karina: Or Майские праздники
John: Meaning “May holidays.” Can you give us an example sentence?
Karina: I can! Remember, you need to make sure that the verb in the sentence is conjugated correctly.
John: Yes, think about whether the sentence is first person, third person, singular, feminine, masculine and so on.
Karina: This sentence is third person singular and feminine. Как прошла суббота?
John: “How was Saturday?”
Karina: This is third person, singular, neuter. Как прошло воскресенье?
John: “How was Sunday?” Did you hear how the verb changed?
Karina: You can also just say как прошло?
John: This means “how was it?”
Karina: In this case, the verb has to be in third person singular neuter to be correct. This is fine for informal speech, but you should use a longer, more specific sentence in formal situations.
John: Instead of saying “how was it?’, you should actually say what “it” is.
Karina: Finally, let’s briefly talk about the past tense in Russian.
John: What is the past tense like in Russian?
Karina: Well, the Russian past tense covers the past simple, past continuous, present perfect, and the past perfect tenses of English.
John: That’s convenient! Can you give us an example sentence?
Karina: Я встретил Сергея, когда ехал в Москву на поезде.
John: “I met Sergey when I was going to Moscow by train.”

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Karina: Пока!

2 Comments

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RussianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Try to answer to the question Как прошли выходные? ("How was the weekend?") in Russian!

robert groulx
Thursday at 8:50 am
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thank you for the transcript


robert