Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Natalia: Здравствуйте, с Вами Natalia.
Yura: Yura, here and welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 3; Speaking Russian Behind your Back.
Natalia: Hi, everyone. Natalia, here. So Yura, what are we going to study in this lesson?
Yura: In this lesson, you’ll learn about formal and informal greetings in Russian.
Natalia: The conversation takes place in Nika’s house.
Yura: The conversation is between Nika, Nika’s father and Ben.
Natalia: And one of the speakers is older than the others therefore, they will be speaking formal Russian. So listen in.
DIALOGUES
Yura: Привет, Ника! Как дела?
Natalia: Нормально. Познакомься, это мой папа.
Yura: Здравствуйте, я Бен. Как поживаете?
Yura: Хорошо, спасибо, Бен! Ну, удачного вам дня!
Yura: Спасибо, Вам тоже!
Yura: Okay, let’s do that one more time, slowly.
Natalia: Сейчас ещё раз, медленно.
Natalia: Привет, Ника! Как дела?
Yura: Нормально. Познакомься, это мой папа.
Natalia: Здравствуйте, я Бен. Как поживаете?
Yura: Хорошо, спасибо, Бен! Ну, удачного вам дня!
Yura: Спасибо, Вам тоже!
Yura: Okay, one more time with natural native speed with the translation.
Natalia: Ещё раз, с естественной скоростью носителя языка с переводом.
Natalia: Привет, Ника! Как дела?
Yura: Hi, Nica. How are you?
Natalia: Нормально. Познакомься, это мой папа.
Yura: I’m okay. Let me introduce you to my dad.
Natalia: Здравствуйте, я Бен. Как поживаете?
Yura: Hello, I’m Ben. How do you do?
Natalia: Хорошо, спасибо, Бен! Ну, удачного вам дня!
Yura: I’m fine. Thank you, Ben. Well, have a good day, you two.
Natalia: Спасибо, Вам тоже!
Yura: Thanks. You too.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Yura: You know, when I lived in Moscow, I barely heard people asking this question.
Natalia: You are right. The question “how are you” is not as popular in Russia as in the English speaking world. It’s more like an ice breaker. You say it when you really don’t have anything to ask or say.
Yura: Yeah. The reason for that is when you ask a Russian about how they are, they actually start telling you what’s going on in their lives.
Natalia: Right. This question means much more in Russia than in America for example. It’s not asked as casually. It implies that you’re really interested in how the person is doing and waiting for some news from him. But as I said, it’s a good icebreaker and there are a lot of cases when you and the person understand that the conversation is not going to last but you have to say something just out of politeness.
VOCAB LIST
Yura: Okay. So now let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we have is.
Natalia: как
Yura: How.
Natalia: как
Yura: And the next word.
Natalia: дела
Yura: Things, goings, affairs.
Natalia: дела
Yura: And the next word is.
Natalia: нормально
Yura: All right, okay, fine, not bad.
Natalia: нормально
Yura: And the next word.
Natalia: познакомься
Yura: Get to know, let me introduce you to.
Natalia: познакомься
Yura: And the next word.
Natalia: это
Yura: This, this is, it.
Natalia: это
Yura: And next.
Natalia: мой
Yura: My, masculine.
Natalia: мой
Yura: And the next.
Natalia: папа
Yura: Dad.
Natalia: папа
Yura: And the next word.
Natalia: Как поживаете?
Yura: How do you do?
Natalia: Как поживаете?
Yura: And the next word.
Natalia: хорошо
Yura: Okay, good, well, fine.
Natalia: хорошо
Yura: And the next one is.
Natalia: спасибо
Yura: Thank you.
Natalia: спасибо
Yura: And the next word.
Natalia: удачный
Yura: Successful, lucky.
Natalia: удачный
Yura: And the last word is.
Natalia: день
Yura: Day.
Natalia: день
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Yura: Okay. So let’s have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Natalia: And the first phrase we’ll look at is.
Yura: How are you?
Natalia: Right. "Как дела", literally, it means: “How are things?”
Yura: And this is the informal way of asking. There’s an even simpler way to ask that. As I remember it, "как ты" which is the literal “how are you,” is it not?
Natalia: Yes. But actually it implies something like, “how are you feeling”, or “are you okay?” It’s more personal and it’s often asked in connection with some event. For example, let’s say I just took a test and you ask me "ну, как ты?". Kind of like, “So, how are you? Are you okay?”
Yura: I see. And "как дела" is more general, I guess.
Natalia: Yeah, very general.
Yura: So what are the possible answers to "как дела"?
Natalia: Oh, there are many. A lot of Russians can actually start telling you what’s going on in their lives and you might get stuck in a long conversation.
Yura: But here’s where being a foreigner is a big advantage to you. Your whole greeting will narrow it down to how are you and fine.
Natalia: Right. The most common answer would be "нормально", which sounds like "normal" in English.
Yura: It can be translated as "okay", "fine", "nothing special" and "not bad".
Natalia: Yeah. You can also use it to ask if everything is okay: "всё нормально?"
Yura: "всё" means “everything” so "всё нормально" means “everything is okay”.
Natalia: And it can be both a question and an answer, depending on your intonation. "Всё нормально?" or "всё нормально".
Yura: Okay. Let’s move on. We are meeting Nica’s father now.
Natalia: He probably came out of the house just to take a look at Ben.
Yura: Protective father?
Natalia: No. Parents in Russia are not very protective. Curious, that’s for sure.
Yura: So Nika introduces Ben to her father.
Natalia: Right. She says "познакомься".
Yura: We can translate it as “let me introduce you to,” or “get to know”.
Natalia: Yes. It’s an informal way of introducing people.
Yura: Next she says, “This is my dad.”
Natalia: "Это мой папа" where "eto" means “this” or “this is”, "мой" is obviously “my” and "papa" is hard for anything else but dad.
Yura: Yes. So no matter how laid back Russian dads are, you should still start with the polite form of speech with them. Next we have a phrase for “how are you” again but this time, it will be polite and somewhat formal.
Natalia: Как поживаете?
Yura: Как is “how”. We already know that and "поживаете" can be translated as “live” but in a very general sense. The whole phrase can be translated as “how is your life going?”
Natalia: Right. There are also different answers to that. Of course, her father can simply say "нормально" to Ben’s polite question because he is older. And for that matter, superior to Ben. But in our case, he’s being neutrally polite and says, "хорошо".
Yura: "Хорошо, спасибо". It means “good, thank you”. It’s probably the most neutral answer and suitable for almost all situations.
Natalia: Yes.
Yura: So dad took a look at the foreigner his daughter is hanging out with. Now it’s time to leave. What does he say before he leaves?
Natalia: "Удачного вам дня" which means have a good day.
Yura: Literally, it means have a lucky day which is a Russian version of "have a good day". "Удачного" means lucky.
Natalia: We hear the word "Вам" there, which means “to you”. It can be a polite “you” or a plural “you”. I’m guessing in this case, that refers to both kids, so he means have a good day you two.
Yura: Right. So while wishing a good day to the kids, dad meant them both "vam". In that case, it was meant to be plural. But the reply to “you two” "Вам тоже" implies the polite “you” when Ben is saying that to Nika’s dad.
Natalia: Yes. That’s how it is.
GRAMMAR POINT
Yura: In this lesson’s grammar part, we’ll give you a short introduction into the forms of speech in Russian.
Natalia: In a word, how to sound polite or casual in Russian.
Yura: Polite forms in Russian are used only when you are talking to a person. If you want to sound polite, you use "Вы", the polite “you”. And if you are talking to a friend, you use "ты". But it’s not the only thing that distinguishes the formal and informal forms of speech in Russia.
Natalia: You also have to modify your verbs a little. Only their endings to be exact. For example, the phrase “let’s go” would sound different in formal and informal forms. Informally, it would sound as "пойдём". But if you want to sound more polite, you should say "пойдёмте".
Yura: Sounds like you only added two letters to the end to make it polite.
Natalia: Exactly. Usually, polite and informal verbs only differ in the ending "tye". Polite verbs have it, informal verbs don’t.
Yura: So basically, we can switch from one form to another just by adding or dropping "tye" at the end. Is that right?
Natalia: For most cases, yes. But unfortunately, the examples we have in this lesson are a little exceptional.
Yura: What are the examples? Can you name those verbs first?
Natalia: Sure. We only have three in this lesson; познакомься – poznakom'sya.
Yura: Get to know, let me introduce you to.
Natalia: здравствуйте – zdrastvuite
Yura: Hello.
Natalia: поживаете.
Yura: Living. Why do we have hello in this list? It’s not a verb.
Natalia: Oh, in Russian, it is a verb. Literally, it means “be healthy”.
Yura: Interesting. So the first two verbs we have in the command form “get to know” and “be healthy”. The first one "познакомься" is said in the informal way because Nica was talking to her friend Ben saying that. But what if she was talking, let’s say, to a teacher, introducing Ben to him?
Natalia: She’d say "Познакомьтесь, это Бен"..
Yura: I see. What about "здравствуйте"? I thought the informal version of it would be "privet".
Natalia: Well, because "здравствуйте" can be verb grammatically, we can modify it according to the rules of Russian grammar. We can drop the ending "tye" and say "здравствуй"! But that would be somewhere in between "здравствуйте" and "привет". You can use it with a person you would use a "ty" form with but still want to sound polite.
Yura: Got it. What about the last verb "поживаете"?
Natalia: "Поживаете" is a formal verb. To make it less formal, you should drop the ending "tye" and add "шь".So the phrase would sound as "как поживаешь".
Yura: So would it mean the same as "как дела"?
Natalia: Yeah, but "как дела" is much more common to use in the informal speech.
Yura: I see. So let’s sum up. There are formal and informal ways of speaking in Russian. But you should mind them only when talking directly to a person. If you are talking about another person, you should sound the same whether you talk about your neighbor or president. But talking directly to a person requires you to use appropriate form of speech.
Natalia: Right. You use formal or informal “you” which are "Вы" or "ты" and you adjust the verbs to the situation. Formal verbs usually end in "tye".
Yura: That just about does it for today.
Natalia: Listeners, have you ever dreamed of starring in one of our lessons?
Yura: If your answer is yes, use the voice recording tool on the lesson page.
Natalia: Record your voice with a click of a button.
Yura: And then play it back just as easily.
Natalia: Then compare it to the native speakers in the lesson.
Yura: And adjust your pronunciation.
Natalia: After a few tries, you’ll be speaking better Russian than Yura here.
Yura: Thanks.
Natalia: Go to RussianPod101.com and rapidly improve your Russian pronunciation.

Outro

Yura: goodbye
Natalia: goodbye

39 Comments

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RussianPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Let us know if you have any questions.

RussianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 10:17 pm
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Hello Karis,


1. Yes, your name can be pronounced in Russian. Regarding nickname - it depends on you. 😳


2. You can check this lessons.


https://www.russianpod101.com/lesson-library/ultimate-russian-pronunciation-guide/


Hope it can help you.


3. No sure what do you mean by "Ys or Es". Could you please give an example? 😄


Elena

Team RussianPd101.com

Karis
Saturday at 3:39 am
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I have a few questions for you.


1: There is a family that will adopt two Russian kids my age and I want to be able to communicate to them without Google translate. Is my name a name that can be pronounced in Russian or do I need a nickname of some sorts?


2: I can't roll my Rs. I have practiced so much but still can't do it. Is that needed for Russian or is it okay? If it is needed, so you have any ideas to help me be able to do it?


Also, I have an expander in my mouth and can't pronounce my Ys or Es very well.... Will that make it harder to communicate in Russian?

RussianPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:36 pm
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Hello Shanna,


In your sentence the words "lucky/successful day" would be in Nominative case (if you mean "I/we/you etc. have a lucky day").


If you use it as a wish to someone ("I wish you a lucky day"), then it`s just a set phrase and its better to remember it as it is. The difference between Accusative case and Genitive case (which can be used in this case) is too complicated and is considered to be an advance grammar.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Shanna
Saturday at 4:31 am
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Hello,


I am trying to figure out the genitive case for 'have a lucky/successful day.


According to my reading we would usually use the genitive case to show possession. In this case should we think of it as the luck or success belonging to the day?

RussianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 8:14 pm
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Hello Joe Jennings,

In accordance with Russian pronunciation rules [ogo] should be pronounced as [avo]. But of course, there are some exceptions.


Elena

Team RusssianPod101.com

Joe Jennings
Friday at 5:24 am
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The word translated phonetically as 'udachnava' is spelled in Syrillic with the last syllable commencing with a hard 'g'. How does that function? How can the 'g' letter generate a 'v ' sound?

RussianPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 8:25 pm
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Hello Segev,


1. You can say in both ways:

- Познакомься, это мой папа.

- Познакомься, мой папа.


2. In Russian language we case grammatical cases. The word "дня" is used in Genitive case.


Elena

Team RussianPod101.com

Segev
Saturday at 1:32 pm
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Also, why does the dialogue say дня instead of день

Segev
Saturday at 1:29 pm
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Why is it пазнакомиься, ето мой папа; why not just пазнакомиься мой папа. And why is it пазнакомиься instead of познакомиться.


Thanks,

Segev

RussianPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 1:24 pm
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Hi Rosa,


I'm glad to hear that! Thank you for studying hard with us! Looking forward to seeing you more often at RussianPod101.com!


Jae

Team RussianPod101.com